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Michael D. Powell

TitleProgram Director
Faculty RankProfessor
InstitutionMorehouse School of Medicine
DepartmentMicrobiology, Biochemistry, & Immunology
Address720 Westveiw Drive, SW
Research Wing Building
Atlanta GA 30310
Phone4047521582
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    Collapse Overview 
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    My research centers around the HIV-1 protein Nef. Our research has shown that Nef protein is secreted by HIV-1 infected cells and is present in the plasma of infected individuals. Our studies suggest that Nef is secreted from cells in the form of exosomes, small membrane bound vesicles approximately 50-100nm in size. T cells that come in contact with Nef exosomes undego apoptosis. Macrophage can take up Nef exosomes, but their affect on these cells is largely unknown. Nef exosomes appear to play a significant role in the pathogenic effects of HIV-1 infection leading to AIDS. Most recently we have worked with Bruce Shiramizu at the U of Hawaii to investigate the potential of Nef exosomes to facilitate the pathogenesis of HIV Associated Neurologic Disorders (HAND).

    We have also been working with a traditional medicine group called ProMetra. Extracts of natural plants are used to treat HIV/AIDS patients. We have shown that these natural products have the ability to block entry of HIV into T cells. We are interested testing these herbal treatments in a clinical trial. We have recently worked with USAMRIID to also investigate the potential of these herbal treatments to inhibit Ebola virus.

    In another collaboration we are working with Carol Carter at SUNY Stonybrook to investigate host proteins involved in trafficking of Gag protein in HIV-1. Our most recent work has been investigating the host protein "Sprouty" in viral traffiicking,

    I am also the director of our local Proteomics facility we perform LC/MS protein identification and Luminex multiplex protein anaysis.. I would be happy to discuss potential projects with anyone looking for a collaborator.
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    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
    Newest   |   Oldest   |   Most Cited   |   Most Discussed   |   Timeline   |   Field Summary   |   Plain Text
    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Powell MD, Read KA, Sreekumar BK, Jones DM, Oestreich KJ. IL-12 signaling drives the differentiation and function of a TH1-derived TFH1-like cell population. Sci Rep. 2019 09 30; 9(1):13991. PMID: 31570752.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    2. Powell MD, Read KA, Sreekumar BK, Oestreich KJ. Ikaros Zinc Finger Transcription Factors: Regulators of Cytokine Signaling Pathways and CD4+ T Helper Cell Differentiation. Front Immunol. 2019; 10:1299. PMID: 31244845.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    3. Rydzewska M, Michalak J, Bossowska A, Chen S, Black S, Powell M, Furmaniak J, Rees Smith B, Bossowski A. Analysis of diabetes-associated autoantibodies in children and adolescents with autoimmune thyroid diseases. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2019 Apr 24; 32(4):355-361. PMID: 30903759.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Ringel-Scaia VM, Powell MD, Read KA, Allen IC, Oestreich KJ. Systemic Listeria monocytogenes Infection as a Model to Study T Helper Cell Immune Responses. Methods Mol Biol. 2019; 1960:149-160. PMID: 30798529.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    5. Anyanwu SI, Doherty A, Powell MD, Obialo C, Huang MB, Quarshie A, Mitchell C, Bashir K, Newman GW. Detection of HIV-1 and Human Proteins in Urinary Extracellular Vesicles from HIV+ Patients. Adv Virol. 2018; 2018:7863412. PMID: 29721020.
      Citations:    
    6. Strickland M, Ehrlich LS, Watanabe S, Khan M, Strub MP, Luan CH, Powell MD, Leis J, Tjandra N, Carter CA. Tsg101 chaperone function revealed by HIV-1 assembly inhibitors. Nat Commun. 2017 11 09; 8(1):1391. PMID: 29123089.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    7. Qin B, Cao D, Wu H, Mo F, Shao H, Chu J, Powell M, Aikhionbare F, Wang D, Fu C, He P, Pan W, Wang W, Liu X, Yao X. Phosphorylation of SKAP by GSK3ß ensures chromosome segregation by a temporal inhibition of Kif2b activity. Sci Rep. 2016 12 16; 6:38791. PMID: 27982129.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    8. Amoroso M, Achenbach P, Powell M, Coles R, Chlebowska M, Carr L, Furmaniak J, Scholz M, Bonifacio E, Ziegler AG, Rees Smith B. 3 Screen islet cell autoantibody ELISA: A sensitive and specific ELISA for the combined measurement of autoantibodies to GAD65, to IA-2 and to ZnT8. Clin Chim Acta. 2016 Nov 01; 462:60-64. PMID: 27570064.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. McDonald PW, Read KA, Baker CE, Anderson AE, Powell MD, Ballesteros-Tato A, Oestreich KJ. IL-7 signalling represses Bcl-6 and the TFH gene program. Nat Commun. 2016 Jan 08; 7:10285. PMID: 26743592.
      Citations: 25     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    10. Konadu KA, Huang MB, Roth W, Armstrong W, Powell M, Villinger F, Bond V. Isolation of Exosomes from the Plasma of HIV-1 Positive Individuals. J Vis Exp. 2016 Jan 05; (107). PMID: 26780239.
      Citations: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    11. Huang MB, Ye L, Liang BY, Ning CY, Roth WW, Jiang JJ, Huang JG, Zhou B, Zang N, Powell MD, Liang H, Bond VC. Characterizing the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the United States and China. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 Dec 22; 13(1):ijerph13010030. PMID: 26703667.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Roth WW, Huang MB, Addae Konadu K, Powell MD, Bond VC. Micro RNA in Exosomes from HIV-Infected Macrophages. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 Dec 22; 13(1):ijerph13010032. PMID: 26703692.
      Citations: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    13. Khan MB, Lang MJ, Huang MB, Raymond A, Bond VC, Shiramizu B, Powell MD. Nef exosomes isolated from the plasma of individuals with HIV-associated dementia (HAD) can induce Aß(1-42) secretion in SH-SY5Y neural cells. J Neurovirol. 2016 Apr; 22(2):179-90. PMID: 26407718.
      Citations: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    14. Konadu KA, Anderson JS, Huang MB, Ali SA, Powell MD, Villinger F, Bond VC. Hallmarks of HIV-1 pathogenesis are modulated by Nef's Secretion Modification Region. J AIDS Clin Res. 2015 Jul; 6(7). PMID: 26523240.
      Citations:    
    15. McLaughlin KA, Richardson CC, Williams S, Bonifacio E, Morgan D, Feltbower RG, Powell M, Rees Smith B, Furmaniak J, Christie MR. Relationships between major epitopes of the IA-2 autoantigen in Type 1 diabetes: Implications for determinant spreading. Clin Immunol. 2015 Oct; 160(2):226-36. PMID: 26071317.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    16. Dunseath G, Ananieva-Jordanova R, Coles R, Powell M, Amoroso M, Furmaniak J, Smith BR, Dayan C, Luzio S. Bridging-type enzyme-linked immunoassay for zinc transporter 8 autoantibody measurements in adult patients with diabetes mellitus. Clin Chim Acta. 2015 Jul 20; 447:90-5. PMID: 26006309.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    17. Di Sante G, Wang L, Wang C, Jiao X, Casimiro MC, Chen K, Pestell TG, Yaman I, Di Rocco A, Sun X, Horio Y, Powell MJ, He X, McBurney MW, Pestell RG. Sirt1-deficient mice have hypogonadotropic hypogonadism due to defective GnRH neuronal migration. Mol Endocrinol. 2015 Feb; 29(2):200-12. PMID: 25545407.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    18. Konadu KA, Chu J, Huang MB, Amancha PK, Armstrong W, Powell MD, Villinger F, Bond VC. Association of Cytokines With Exosomes in the Plasma of HIV-1-Seropositive Individuals. J Infect Dis. 2015 Jun 01; 211(11):1712-6. PMID: 25512626.
      Citations: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    19. Singh A, Powell MD, Sridaran R, Krishna A. Effects of seasonal adiposity on ovarian activity of Vespertilionid bat, Scotophilus heathi: proteomics analysis. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2015 Jan 05; 399:219-27. PMID: 25305638.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    20. Tian L, Wang C, Hagen FK, Gormley M, Addya S, Soccio R, Casimiro MC, Zhou J, Powell MJ, Xu P, Deng H, Sauve AA, Pestell RG. Acetylation-defective mutant of Ppar? is associated with decreased lipid synthesis in breast cancer cells. Oncotarget. 2014 Sep 15; 5(17):7303-15. PMID: 25229978.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    21. Kirkman MA, Jaunmuktane Z, Brandner S, Khan AA, Powell M, Baldeweg SE. Active and silent thyroid-stimulating hormone-expressing pituitary adenomas: presenting symptoms, treatment, outcomes, and recurrence. World Neurosurg. 2014 Dec; 82(6):1224-31. PMID: 24657816.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Watanabe SM, Chen MH, Khan M, Ehrlich L, Kemal KS, Weiser B, Shi B, Chen C, Powell M, Anastos K, Burger H, Carter CA. The S40 residue in HIV-1 Gag p6 impacts local and distal budding determinants, revealing additional late domain activities. Retrovirology. 2013 Nov 21; 10:143. PMID: 24257210.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    23. Richardson CC, McLaughlin KA, Brown TJ, Morgan D, Feltbower R, Powell M, Furmaniak J, Rees Smith B, Christie MR. Failure to detect anti-idiotypic antibodies in the autoimmune response to IA-2 in Type 1 diabetes. Autoimmunity. 2013 Sep; 46(6):375-81. PMID: 24001205.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    24. Shelton MN, Huang MB, Ali S, Johnson K, Roth W, Powell M, Bond V. Peptide-based identification of functional motifs and their binding partners. J Vis Exp. 2013 Jun 30; (76). PMID: 23852082.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    25. Krause S, Chmiel R, Bonifacio E, Scholz M, Powell M, Furmaniak J, Rees Smith B, Ziegler AG, Achenbach P. IA-2 autoantibody affinity in children at risk for type 1 diabetes. Clin Immunol. 2012 Dec; 145(3):224-9. PMID: 23110943.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Rodriguez-Mercado R, Ford GD, Xu Z, Kraiselburd EN, Martinez MI, Eterovic VA, Colon E, Rodriguez IV, Portilla P, Ferchmin PA, Gierbolini L, Rodriguez-Carrasquillo M, Powell MD, Pulliam JV, McCraw CO, Gates A, Ford BD. Acute neuronal injury and blood genomic profiles in a nonhuman primate model for ischemic stroke. Comp Med. 2012 Oct; 62(5):427-38. PMID: 23114047.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    27. Campbell PE, Isayev O, Ali SA, Roth WW, Huang MB, Powell MD, Leszczynski J, Bond VC. Validation of a novel secretion modification region (SMR) of HIV-1 Nef using cohort sequence analysis and molecular modeling. J Mol Model. 2012 Oct; 18(10):4603-13. PMID: 22643973.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    28. Omole FS, Lin JS, Chu T, Sow CM, Flood A, Powell MD. Raynaud's phenomenon, cytokines and acupuncture: a case report. Acupunct Med. 2012 Jun; 30(2):139-41. PMID: 22516031.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Shelton MN, Huang MB, Ali SA, Powell MD, Bond VC. Secretion modification region-derived peptide disrupts HIV-1 Nef's interaction with mortalin and blocks virus and Nef exosome release. J Virol. 2012 Jan; 86(1):406-19. PMID: 22013042.
      Citations: 33     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    30. Zimmerman SW, Manandhar G, Yi YJ, Gupta SK, Sutovsky M, Odhiambo JF, Powell MD, Miller DJ, Sutovsky P. Sperm proteasomes degrade sperm receptor on the egg zona pellucida during mammalian fertilization. PLoS One. 2011 Feb 23; 6(2):e17256. PMID: 21383844.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    31. Sanders P, Young S, Sanders J, Kabelis K, Baker S, Sullivan A, Evans M, Clark J, Wilmot J, Hu X, Roberts E, Powell M, Núñez Miguel R, Furmaniak J, Rees Smith B. Crystal structure of the TSH receptor (TSHR) bound to a blocking-type TSHR autoantibody. J Mol Endocrinol. 2011 Apr; 46(2):81-99. PMID: 21247981.
      Citations: 42     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    32. Powell MJ, Casimiro MC, Cordon-Cardo C, He X, Yeow WS, Wang C, McCue PA, McBurney MW, Pestell RG. Disruption of a Sirt1-dependent autophagy checkpoint in the prostate results in prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia lesion formation. Cancer Res. 2011 Feb 01; 71(3):964-75. PMID: 21189328.
      Citations: 20     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    33. Ehrlich LS, Medina GN, Khan MB, Powell MD, Mikoshiba K, Carter CA. Activation of the inositol (1,4,5)-triphosphate calcium gate receptor is required for HIV-1 Gag release. J Virol. 2010 Jul; 84(13):6438-51. PMID: 20427533.
      Citations: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    34. Ali SA, Huang MB, Campbell PE, Roth WW, Campbell T, Khan M, Newman G, Villinger F, Powell MD, Bond VC. Genetic characterization of HIV type 1 Nef-induced vesicle secretion. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2010 Feb; 26(2):173-92. PMID: 20156100.
      Citations: 46     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    35. Powell MD, Manandhar G, Spate L, Sutovsky M, Zimmerman S, Sachdev SC, Hannink M, Prather RS, Sutovsky P. Discovery of putative oocyte quality markers by comparative ExacTag proteomics. Proteomics Clin Appl. 2010 Mar; 4(3):337-51. PMID: 21137054.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    36. Harrington W, Bond V, Huang MB, Powell M, Lillard J, Manne U, Bumpers H. HIV Nef-M1 Effects on Colorectal Cancer Growth in Tumor-induced Spleens and Hepatic Metastasis. Mol Cell Pharmacol. 2009 Aug 05; 1(2):85-91. PMID: 20383296.
      Citations:    
    37. Singh S, Bond VC, Powell M, Singh UP, Bumpers HL, Grizzle WE, Lillard JW. CXCR4-gp120-IIIB interactions induce caspase-mediated apoptosis of prostate cancer cells and inhibit tumor growth. . 2009 Jan; 8(1):178-84. PMID: 19139127.
      Citations:    
    38. Wilson NO, Huang MB, Anderson W, Bond V, Powell M, Thompson WE, Armah HB, Adjei AA, Gyasi R, Tettey Y, Stiles JK. Soluble factors from Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes induce apoptosis in human brain vascular endothelial and neuroglia cells. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2008 Dec; 162(2):172-6. PMID: 18848585.
      Citations: 25     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    39. Wang F, Xia P, Wu F, Wang D, Wang W, Ward T, Liu Y, Aikhionbare F, Guo Z, Powell M, Liu B, Bi F, Shaw A, Zhu Z, Elmoselhi A, Fan D, Cover TL, Ding X, Yao X. Helicobacter pylori VacA disrupts apical membrane-cytoskeletal interactions in gastric parietal cells. J Biol Chem. 2008 Sep 26; 283(39):26714-25. PMID: 18625712.
      Citations: 25     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    40. Marampon F, Casimiro MC, Fu M, Powell MJ, Popov VM, Lindsay J, Zani BM, Ciccarelli C, Watanabe G, Lee RJ, Pestell RG. Nerve Growth factor regulation of cyclin D1 in PC12 cells through a p21RAS extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway requires cooperative interactions between Sp1 and nuclear factor-kappaB. Mol Biol Cell. 2008 Jun; 19(6):2566-78. PMID: 18367547.
      Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    41. Li Z, Wang C, Jiao X, Katiyar S, Casimiro MC, Prendergast GC, Powell MJ, Pestell RG. Alternate cyclin D1 mRNA splicing modulates p27KIP1 binding and cell migration. J Biol Chem. 2008 Mar 14; 283(11):7007-15. PMID: 18180298.
      Citations: 35     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    42. Campbell TD, Khan M, Huang MB, Bond VC, Powell MD. HIV-1 Nef protein is secreted into vesicles that can fuse with target cells and virions. Ethn Dis. 2008; 18(2 Suppl 2):S2-14-9. PMID: 18646314.
      Citations: 54     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    43. Huang MB, James CO, Powell MD, Bond VC. Apoptotic peptides derived from HIV-1 Nef induce lymphocyte depletion in mice. Ethn Dis. 2008; 18(2 Suppl 2):S2-30-7. PMID: 18646317.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    44. Armah HB, Wilson NO, Sarfo BY, Powell MD, Bond VC, Anderson W, Adjei AA, Gyasi RK, Tettey Y, Wiredu EK, Tongren JE, Udhayakumar V, Stiles JK. Cerebrospinal fluid and serum biomarkers of cerebral malaria mortality in Ghanaian children. Malar J. 2007 Nov 12; 6:147. PMID: 17997848.
      Citations: 87     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. Thomas K, Wu J, Sung DY, Thompson W, Powell M, McCarrey J, Gibbs R, Walker W. SP1 transcription factors in male germ cell development and differentiation. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2007 May 30; 270(1-2):1-7. PMID: 17462816.
      Citations: 22     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    46. Emery MN, Leontiou C, Bonner SE, Merulli C, Nanzer AM, Musat M, Galloway M, Powell M, Nikookam K, Korbonits M, Grossman AB. PPAR-gamma expression in pituitary tumours and the functional activity of the glitazones: evidence that any anti-proliferative effect of the glitazones is independent of the PPAR-gamma receptor. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2006 Sep; 65(3):389-95. PMID: 16918962.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    47. Fu M, Liu M, Sauve AA, Jiao X, Zhang X, Wu X, Powell MJ, Yang T, Gu W, Avantaggiati ML, Pattabiraman N, Pestell TG, Wang F, Quong AA, Wang C, Pestell RG. Hormonal control of androgen receptor function through SIRT1. Mol Cell Biol. 2006 Nov; 26(21):8122-35. PMID: 16923962.
      Citations: 88     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    48. Fang Z, Miao Y, Ding X, Deng H, Liu S, Wang F, Zhou R, Watson C, Fu C, Hu Q, Lillard JW, Powell M, Chen Y, Forte JG, Yao X. Proteomic identification and functional characterization of a novel ARF6 GTPase-activating protein, ACAP4. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2006 Aug; 5(8):1437-49. PMID: 16737952.
      Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    49. Miles LR, Agresta BE, Khan MB, Tang S, Levin JG, Powell MD. Effect of polypurine tract (PPT) mutations on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 replication: a virus with a completely randomized PPT retains low infectivity. J Virol. 2005 Jun; 79(11):6859-67. PMID: 15890925.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    50. Khan M, Jin L, Miles L, Bond VC, Powell MD. Chimeric human immunodeficiency virus type 1 virions that contain the simian immunodeficiency virus nef gene are cyclosporin A resistant. J Virol. 2005 Mar; 79(5):3211-6. PMID: 15709044.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    51. Bumpers HL, Huang MB, Powell M, Grizzle WE, Lillard JW, Okoli J, Bond VC. Effects of HIV-1 Nef, a cytotoxic viral protein, on the growth of primary colorectal cancer. . 2005 Jan; 4(1):65-9. PMID: 15662115.
      Citations:    
    52. Huang MB, Jin LL, James CO, Khan M, Powell MD, Bond VC. Characterization of Nef-CXCR4 interactions important for apoptosis induction. J Virol. 2004 Oct; 78(20):11084-96. PMID: 15452229.
      Citations: 24     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    53. Ayala GE, Dai H, Ittmann M, Li R, Powell M, Frolov A, Wheeler TM, Thompson TC, Rowley D. Growth and survival mechanisms associated with perineural invasion in prostate cancer. Cancer Res. 2004 Sep 01; 64(17):6082-90. PMID: 15342391.
      Citations: 63     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    54. James CO, Huang MB, Khan M, Garcia-Barrio M, Powell MD, Bond VC. Extracellular Nef protein targets CD4+ T cells for apoptosis by interacting with CXCR4 surface receptors. J Virol. 2004 Mar; 78(6):3099-109. PMID: 14990729.
      Citations: 51     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    55. Stiles JK, Whittaker J, Sarfo BY, Thompson WE, Powell MD, Bond VC. Trypanosome apoptotic factor mediates apoptosis in human brain vascular endothelial cells. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2004 Feb; 133(2):229-40. PMID: 14698435.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    56. Khan M, Jin L, Huang MB, Miles L, Bond VC, Powell MD. Chimeric human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) virions containing HIV-2 or simian immunodeficiency virus Nef are resistant to cyclosporine treatment. J Virol. 2004 Feb; 78(4):1843-50. PMID: 14747548.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    57. Morris DG, Kola B, Borboli N, Kaltsas GA, Gueorguiev M, McNicol AM, Ferrier R, Jones TH, Baldeweg S, Powell M, Czirják S, Hanzély Z, Johansson JO, Korbonits M, Grossman AB. Identification of adrenocorticotropin receptor messenger ribonucleic acid in the human pituitary and its loss of expression in pituitary adenomas. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Dec; 88(12):6080-7. PMID: 14671214.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Kola B, Korbonits M, Diaz-Cano S, Kaltsas G, Morris DG, Jordan S, Metherell L, Powell M, Czirják S, Arnaldi G, Bustin S, Boscaro M, Mantero F, Grossman AB. Reduced expression of the growth hormone and type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptors in human somatotroph tumours and an analysis of possible mutations of the growth hormone receptor. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2003 Sep; 59(3):328-38. PMID: 12919156.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Post K, Guo J, Howard KJ, Powell MD, Miller JT, Hizi A, Le Grice SF, Levin JG. Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 reverse transcriptase activity in model systems that mimic steps in reverse transcription. J Virol. 2003 Jul; 77(13):7623-34. PMID: 12805462.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    60. Brooking H, Ananieva-Jordanova R, Arnold C, Amoroso M, Powell M, Betterle C, Zanchetta R, Furmaniak J, Smith BR. A sensitive non-isotopic assay for GAD65 autoantibodies. Clin Chim Acta. 2003 May; 331(1-2):55-9. PMID: 12691864.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    61. Khan M, Garcia-Barrio M, Powell MD. Treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 virions depleted of cyclophilin A by natural endogenous reverse transcription restores infectivity. J Virol. 2003 Apr; 77(7):4431-4. PMID: 12634401.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
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