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William Cunningham
Title Professor of Medicine
Faculty Rank Professor
Degree MD, MPH
Institution University of California, Los Angeles
Department Medicine
Clusters HIV/AIDS
911 Broxton Ave
City Los Angeles
State CA
Postal Code 90024
Telephone 3107943556
Fax 310-794-5704
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1. Cunningham WE, Weiss RE, Nakazono T, Malek MA, Shoptaw SJ, Ettner SL, Harawa NT. Effectiveness of a Peer Navigation Intervention to Sustain Viral Suppression Among HIV-Positive Men and Transgender Women Released From Jail: The LINK LA Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Apr 01; 178(4):542-553.
2. Matsuzaki M, Vu QM, Gwadz M, Delaney JAC, Kuo I, Trejo MEP, Cunningham WE, Cunningham CO, Christopoulos K. Perceived access and barriers to care among illicit drug users and hazardous drinkers: findings from the Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain data harmonization initiative (STTR). BMC Public Health. 2018 Mar 20; 18(1):366.
3. Cheng EM, Cunningham WE, Towfighi A, Sanossian N, Bryg RJ, Anderson TL, Barry F, Douglas SM, Hudson L, Ayala-Rivera M, Guterman JJ, Gross-Schulman S, Beanes S, Jones AS, Liu H, Vickrey BG. Efficacy of a Chronic Care-Based Intervention on Secondary Stroke Prevention Among Vulnerable Stroke Survivors: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2018 Jan; 11(1):e003228.
4. Bogart LM, Mutchler MG, McDavitt B, Klein DJ, Cunningham WE, Goggin KJ, Ghosh-Dastidar B, Rachal N, Nogg KA, Wagner GJ. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Rise, a Community-Based Culturally Congruent Adherence Intervention for Black Americans Living with HIV. Ann Behav Med. 2017 Dec; 51(6):868-878.
5. Ladapo JA, Richards AK, DeWitt CM, Harawa NT, Shoptaw S, Cunningham WE, Mafi JN. Disparities in the Quality of Cardiovascular Care Between HIV-Infected Versus HIV-Uninfected Adults in the United States: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 Nov 14; 6(11).
6. Christopoulos KA, Cunningham WE, Beckwith CG, Kuo I, Golin CE, Knight K, Flynn PM, Spaulding AC, Coffin LS, Kruszka B, Kurth A, Young JD, Mannheimer S, Crane HM, Kahana SY. Lessons Learned From the Implementation of Seek, Test, Treat, Retain Interventions Using Mobile Phones and Text Messaging to Improve Engagement in HIV Care for Vulnerable Populations in the United States. AIDS Behav. 2017 Nov; 21(11):3182-3193.
7. Loeliger KB, Biggs ML, Young R, Seal DW, Beckwith CG, Kuo I, Gordon MS, Altice FL, Ouellet LJ, Cunningham WE, Young JD, Springer SA. Gender Differences in HIV Risk Behaviors Among Persons Involved in the U.S. Criminal Justice System and Living with HIV or at Risk for HIV: A "Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain" Harmonization Consortium. AIDS Behav. 2017 Oct; 21(10):2945-2957.
8. Harawa NT, Amani B, Rohde Bowers J, Sayles JN, Cunningham W. Understanding interactions of formerly incarcerated HIV-positive men and transgender women with substance use treatment, medical, and criminal justice systems. Int J Drug Policy. 2017 Oct; 48:63-71.
9. Palimaru A, Cunningham WE, Dillistone M, Vargas-Bustamante A, Liu H, Hays RD. A comparison of perceptions of quality of life among adults with spinal cord injury in the United States versus the United Kingdom. Qual Life Res. 2017 11; 26(11):3143-3155.
10. Cunningham WE, Ford CL, Kinsler JJ, Seiden D, Andrews L, Nakazono T, Bell DS. Effects of a Laboratory Health Information Exchange Intervention on Antiretroviral Therapy Use, Viral Suppression, and Racial/Ethnic Disparities. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 07 01; 75(3):290-298.
11. Wohl AR, Ludwig-Barron N, Dierst-Davies R, Kulkarni S, Bendetson J, Jordan W, Bolan R, Smith T, Cunningham W, Pérez MJ. Project Engage: Snowball Sampling and Direct Recruitment to Identify and Link Hard-to-Reach HIV-Infected Persons Who Are Out of Care. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 06 01; 75(2):190-197.
12. Chandler R, Gordon MS, Kruszka B, Strand LN, Altice FL, Beckwith CG, Biggs ML, Cunningham W, Chris Delaney JA, Flynn PM, Golin CE, Knight K, Kral AH, Kuo I, Lorvick J, Nance RM, Ouellet LJ, Rich JD, Sacks S, Seal D, Spaulding A, Springer SA, Taxman F, Wohl D, Young JD, Young R, Crane HM. Cohort profile: seek, test, treat and retain United States criminal justice cohort. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2017 May 16; 12(1):24.
13. Towfighi A, Cheng EM, Ayala-Rivera M, McCreath H, Sanossian N, Dutta T, Mehta B, Bryg R, Rao N, Song S, Razmara A, Ramirez M, Sivers-Teixeira T, Tran J, Mojarro-Huang E, Montoya A, Corrales M, Martinez B, Willis P, Macias M, Ibrahim N, Wu S, Wacksman J, Haber H, Richards A, Barry F, Hill V, Mittman B, Cunningham W, Liu H, Ganz DA, Factor D, Vickrey BG. Randomized controlled trial of a coordinated care intervention to improve risk factor control after stroke or transient ischemic attack in the safety net: Secondary stroke prevention by Uniting Community and Chronic care model teams Early to End Disparities (SUCCEED). BMC Neurol. 2017 Feb 06; 17(1):24.
14. Grinshteyn EG, Eisenman DP, Cunningham WE, Andersen R, Ettner SL. Individual- and Neighborhood-Level Determinants of Fear of Violent Crime Among Adolescents. Fam Community Health. 2016 Apr-Jun; 39(2):103-12.
15. Dalkin SM, Lhussier M, Philipson P, Jones D, Cunningham W. Reducing inequalities in care for patients with non-malignant diseases: Insights from a realist evaluation of an integrated palliative care pathway. Palliat Med. 2016 07; 30(7):690-7.
16. Mahajan AP, Kinsler JJ, Cunningham WE, James S, Makam L, Manchanda R, Shapiro MF, Sayles JN. Does the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Recommendation of Opt-Out HIV Screening Impact the Effect of Stigma on HIV Test Acceptance? AIDS Behav. 2016 Jan; 20(1):107-114.
17. Ford CL, Lee SJ, Wallace SP, Nakazono T, Newman PA, Cunningham WE. HIV testing among clients in high HIV prevalence venues: disparities between older and younger adults. AIDS Care. 2015; 27(2):189-97.
18. Lee SJ, Newman PA, Duan N, Cunningham WE. Development of an HIV vaccine attitudes scale to predict HIV vaccine acceptability among vulnerable populations: L.A. VOICES. Vaccine. 2014 Sep 03; 32(39):5013-8.
19. Newman PA, Lee SJ, Rudy ET, Diamant A, Duan N, Nakazono T, Nakazano T, Cunningham WE. Endorsement of compulsory HIV vaccination policy among populations at high risk of HIV exposure (LA VOICES). Prev Sci. 2014 Jun; 15(3):428-35.
20. Galea JT, Kinsler JJ, Imrie J, Nureña CR, Ruiz L, Galarza LF, Sánchez J, Cunningham WE. Preparing for rectal microbicides: sociocultural factors affecting product uptake among potential South American users. Am J Public Health. 2014 Jun; 104(6):e113-20.
21. Galea JT, Kinsler JJ, Imrie J, Nureña CR, Sánchez J, Cunningham WE. Rectal douching and implications for rectal microbicides among populations vulnerable to HIV in South America: a qualitative study. Sex Transm Infect. 2014 Feb; 90(1):33-5.
22. Harawa NT, Williams JK, McCuller WJ, Ramamurthi HC, Lee M, Shapiro MF, Norris KC, Cunningham WE. Efficacy of a culturally congruent HIV risk-reduction intervention for behaviorally bisexual black men: results of a randomized trial. AIDS. 2013 Jul 31; 27(12):1979-88.
23. Kinsler JJ, Sayles JN, Cunningham WE, Mahajan A. Preference for physician vs. nurse-initiated opt-out screening on HIV test acceptance. AIDS Care. 2013; 25(11):1442-5.
24. Ford CL, Wallace SP, Newman PA, Lee SJ, Cunningham WE. Belief in AIDS-related conspiracy theories and mistrust in the government: relationship with HIV testing among at-risk older adults. Gerontologist. 2013 Dec; 53(6):973-84.
25. Huynh AK, Kinsler JJ, Cunningham WE, Sayles JN. The role of mental health in mediating the relationship between social support and optimal ART adherence. AIDS Care. 2013; 25(9):1179-84.
26. Cunningham W. HIV racial disparities: time to close the gaps. Arch Intern Med. 2012 Nov 12; 172(20):1599-600.
27. Van Bavel JJ, Cunningham WA. A social identity approach to person memory: group membership, collective identification, and social role shape attention and memory. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2012 Dec; 38(12):1566-78.
28. Bell DS, Cima L, Seiden DS, Nakazono TT, Alcouloumre MS, Cunningham WE. Effects of laboratory data exchange in the care of patients with HIV. Int J Med Inform. 2012 Oct; 81(10):e74-82.
29. Kinsler JJ, Cunningham WE, Nureña CR, Nadjat-Haiem C, Grinsztejn B, Casapia M, Montoya-Herrera O, Sánchez J, Galea JT. Using conjoint analysis to measure the acceptability of rectal microbicides among men who have sex with men in four South American cities. AIDS Behav. 2012 Aug; 16(6):1436-47.
30. Lee SJ, Newman PA, Comulada WS, Cunningham WE, Duan N. Use of conjoint analysis to assess HIV vaccine acceptability: feasibility of an innovation in the assessment of consumer health-care preferences. Int J STD AIDS. 2012 Apr; 23(4):235-41.
31. Macphail CL, Sayles JN, Cunningham W, Newman PA. Perceptions of sexual risk compensation following posttrial HIV vaccine uptake among young South Africans. Qual Health Res. 2012 May; 22(5):668-78.
32. Harawa NT, Leng M, Kim J, Cunningham WE. Racial/ethnic and gender differences among older adults in nonmonogamous partnerships, time spent single, and human immunodeficiency virus testing. Sex Transm Dis. 2011 Dec; 38(12):1110-7.
33. Galea JT, Kinsler JJ, Salazar X, Lee SJ, Giron M, Sayles JN, Cáceres C, Cunningham WE. Acceptability of pre-exposure prophylaxis as an HIV prevention strategy: barriers and facilitators to pre-exposure prophylaxis uptake among at-risk Peruvian populations. Int J STD AIDS. 2011 May; 22(5):256-62.
34. Cheng EM, Cunningham WE, Towfighi A, Sanossian N, Bryg RJ, Anderson TL, Guterman JJ, Gross-Schulman SG, Beanes S, Jones AS, Liu H, Ettner SL, Saver JL, Vickrey BG. Randomized, controlled trial of an intervention to enable stroke survivors throughout the Los Angeles County safety net to "stay with the guidelines". Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2011 Mar; 4(2):229-34.
35. Newman PA, Yim S, Daley A, Walisser R, Halpenny R, Cunningham W, Loutfy M. "Once Bitten, Twice Shy": participant perspectives in the aftermath of an early HIV vaccine trial termination. Vaccine. 2011 Jan 10; 29(3):451-8.
36. Banta JE, Andersen RM, Young AS, Kominski G, Cunningham WE. Psychiatric comorbidity and mortality among veterans hospitalized for congestive heart failure. Mil Med. 2010 Oct; 175(10):732-41.
37. Lieberman MD, Cunningham WA. Type I and Type II error concerns in fMRI research: re-balancing the scale. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2009 Dec; 4(4):423-8.
38. Kinsler JJ, Lee SJ, Sayles JN, Newman PA, Diamant A, Cunningham W. The impact of acculturation on utilization of HIV prevention services and access to care among an at-risk Hispanic population. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2009 Nov; 20(4):996-1011.
39. Newman PA, Lee SJ, Duan N, Rudy E, Nakazono TK, Boscardin J, Kakinami L, Shoptaw S, Diamant A, Cunningham WE. Preventive HIV vaccine acceptability and behavioral risk compensation among a random sample of high-risk adults in Los Angeles (LA VOICES). Health Serv Res. 2009 Dec; 44(6):2167-79.
40. Lee PP, Cunningham WE, Nakazono TT, Hays RD. Associations of eye diseases and symptoms with self-reported physical and mental health. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009 Nov; 148(5):804-808.e1.
41. Sayles JN, Wong MD, Kinsler JJ, Martins D, Cunningham WE. The association of stigma with self-reported access to medical care and antiretroviral therapy adherence in persons living with HIV/AIDS. J Gen Intern Med. 2009 Oct; 24(10):1101-8.
42. Sayles JN, Macphail CL, Newman PA, Cunningham WE. Future HIV vaccine acceptability among young adults in South Africa. Health Educ Behav. 2010 Apr; 37(2):193-210.
43. Harawa NT, Bingham TA, Butler QR, Dalton KS, Cunningham WE, Behel S, MacKellar DA. Using arrest charge to screen for undiagnosed HIV infection among new arrestees: a study in Los Angeles County. J Correct Health Care. 2009 Apr; 15(2):105-17.
44. Mahajan AP, Stemple L, Shapiro MF, King JB, Cunningham WE. Consistency of state statutes with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention HIV testing recommendations for health care settings. Ann Intern Med. 2009 Feb 17; 150(4):263-9.
45. Van Bavel JJ, Cunningham WA. Self-categorization with a novel mixed-race group moderates automatic social and racial biases. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2009 Mar; 35(3):321-35.
46. Fongwa MN, Cunningham W, Weech-Maldonado R, Gutierrez PR, Hays RD. Reports and ratings of care: black and white Medicare enrollees. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2008 Nov; 19(4):1136-47.
47. Cunningham WE, Wong M, Hays RD. Case management and health-related quality of life outcomes in a national sample of persons with HIV/AIDS. J Natl Med Assoc. 2008 Jul; 100(7):840-7.
48. Sayles JN, Hays RD, Sarkisian CA, Mahajan AP, Spritzer KL, Cunningham WE. Development and psychometric assessment of a multidimensional measure of internalized HIV stigma in a sample of HIV-positive adults. AIDS Behav. 2008 Sep; 12(5):748-58.
49. Rajabiun S, Rumptz MH, Felizzola J, Frye A, Relf M, Yu G, Cunningham WE. The impact of acculturation on Latinos' perceived barriers to HIV primary care. Ethn Dis. 2008; 18(4):403-8.
50. Cheng EM, Chen A, Cunningham W. Primary language and receipt of recommended health care among Hispanics in the United States. J Gen Intern Med. 2007 Nov; 22 Suppl 2:283-8.
51. Farivar SS, Cunningham WE, Hays RD. Correlated physical and mental health summary scores for the SF-36 and SF-12 Health Survey, V.I. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2007 Sep 07; 5:54.
52. Sayles JN, Ryan GW, Silver JS, Sarkisian CA, Cunningham WE. Experiences of social stigma and implications for healthcare among a diverse population of HIV positive adults. J Urban Health. 2007 Nov; 84(6):814-28.
53. Kinsler JJ, Wong MD, Sayles JN, Davis C, Cunningham WE. The effect of perceived stigma from a health care provider on access to care among a low-income HIV-positive population. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2007 Aug; 21(8):584-92.
54. Wong MD, Sarkisian CA, Davis C, Kinsler J, Cunningham WE. The association between life chaos, health care use, and health status among HIV-infected persons. J Gen Intern Med. 2007 Sep; 22(9):1286-91.
55. Eisenman D, Bogart LM, Bird CE, Collins RL, Golinelli D, Fremont A, Beckman R, Cunningham W. Differential diffusion of HIV technologies by gender: the case of highly active antiretroviral therapy. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2007 Jun; 21(6):390-9.
56. Tobias CR, Cunningham W, Cabral HD, Cunningham CO, Eldred L, Naar-King S, Bradford J, Sohler NL, Wong MD, Drainoni ML. Living with HIV but without medical care: barriers to engagement. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2007 Jun; 21(6):426-34.
57. Kinsler JJ, Cunningham WE, Davis C, Wong MD. Time trends in failure to return for HIV test results. Sex Transm Dis. 2007 Jun; 34(6):397-400.
58. Penniman TV, Taylor SL, Bird CE, Beckman R, Collins RL, Cunningham W. The associations of gender, sexual identity and competing needs with healthcare utilization among people with HIV/AIDS. J Natl Med Assoc. 2007 Apr; 99(4):419-27.
59. Beran MS, Cunningham W, Landon BE, Wilson IB, Wong MD. Clinician gender is more important than gender concordance in quality of HIV care. Gend Med. 2007 Mar; 4(1):72-84.
60. Cunningham CO, Sohler NL, Wong MD, Relf M, Cunningham WE, Drainoni ML, Bradford J, Pounds MB, Cabral HD. Utilization of health care services in hard-to-reach marginalized HIV-infected individuals. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2007 Mar; 21(3):177-86.
61. Zingmond DS, Ettner SL, Cunningham WE. The impact of managed care on access to highly active antiretroviral therapy and on outcomes among Medicaid beneficiaries with AIDS. Med Care Res Rev. 2007 Feb; 64(1):66-82.
62. Tobias C, Cunningham WE, Cunningham CO, Pounds MB. Making the connection: the importance of engagement and retention in HIV medical care. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2007; 21 Suppl 1:S3-8.
63. Rumptz MH, Tobias C, Rajabiun S, Bradford J, Cabral H, Young R, Cunningham WE. Factors associated with engaging socially marginalized HIV-positive persons in primary care. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2007; 21 Suppl 1:S30-9.
64. Bradford JB, Coleman S, Cunningham W. HIV System Navigation: an emerging model to improve HIV care access. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2007; 21 Suppl 1:S49-58.
65. Cabral HJ, Tobias C, Rajabiun S, Sohler N, Cunningham C, Wong M, Cunningham W. Outreach program contacts: do they increase the likelihood of engagement and retention in HIV primary care for hard-to-reach patients? AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2007; 21 Suppl 1:S59-67.
66. Sohler NL, Wong MD, Cunningham WE, Cabral H, Drainoni ML, Cunningham CO. Type and pattern of illicit drug use and access to health care services for HIV-infected people. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2007; 21 Suppl 1:S68-76.
67. Newman PA, Duan N, Lee SJ, Rudy E, Seiden D, Kakinami L, Cunningham W. Willingness to participate in HIV vaccine trials: the impact of trial attributes. Prev Med. 2007 Jun; 44(6):554-7.
68. Vargas RB, Cunningham WE. Evolving trends in medical care-coordination for patients with HIV and AIDS. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2006 Nov; 3(4):149-53.
69. Cunningham WE, Sohler NL, Tobias C, Drainoni ML, Bradford J, Davis C, Cabral HJ, Cunningham CO, Eldred L, Wong MD. Health services utilization for people with HIV infection: comparison of a population targeted for outreach with the U.S. population in care. Med Care. 2006 Nov; 44(11):1038-47.
70. Fongwa MN, Cunningham W, Weech-Maldonado R, Gutierrez PR, Hays RD. Comparison of data quality for reports and ratings of ambulatory care by African American and White Medicare managed care enrollees. J Aging Health. 2006 Oct; 18(5):707-21.
71. Lorenz KA, Cunningham WE, Spritzer KL, Hays RD. Changes in symptoms and health-related quality of life in a nationally representative sample of adults in treatment for HIV. Qual Life Res. 2006 Aug; 15(6):951-8.
72. Ponce NA, Hays RD, Cunningham WE. Linguistic disparities in health care access and health status among older adults. J Gen Intern Med. 2006 Jul; 21(7):786-91.
73. Bogart LM, Collins RL, Kanouse DE, Cunningham W, Beckman R, Golinelli D, Bird CE. Patterns and correlates of deliberate abstinence among men and women with HIV/AIDS. Am J Public Health. 2006 Jun; 96(6):1078-84.
74. Sayles JN, Wong MD, Cunningham WE. The inability to take medications openly at home: does it help explain gender disparities in HAART use? J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2006 Mar; 15(2):173-81.
75. Ponce NA, Ku L, Cunningham WE, Brown ER. Language barriers to health care access among Medicare beneficiaries. Inquiry. 2006; 43(1):66-76.
76. Newman PA, Duan N, Lee SJ, Rudy ET, Seiden DS, Kakinami L, Cunningham WE. HIV vaccine acceptability among communities at risk: the impact of vaccine characteristics. Vaccine. 2006 Mar 15; 24(12):2094-101.
77. Cunningham WE, Hays RD, Duan N, Andersen R, Nakazono TT, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF. The effect of socioeconomic status on the survival of people receiving care for HIV infection in the United States. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2005 Nov; 16(4):655-76.
78. Heslin KC, Andersen RM, Ettner SL, Kominski GF, Belin TR, Morgenstern H, Cunningham WE. Do specialist self-referral insurance policies improve access to HIV-experienced physicians as a regular source of care? Med Care Res Rev. 2005 Oct; 62(5):583-600.
79. Bogart LM, Collins RL, Cunningham W, Beckman R, Golinelli D, Eisenman D, Bird CE. The association of partner abuse with risky sexual behaviors among women and men with HIV/AIDS. AIDS Behav. 2005 Sep; 9(3):325-33.
80. Schuster MA, Collins R, Cunningham WE, Morton SC, Zierler S, Wong M, Tu W, Kanouse DE. Perceived discrimination in clinical care in a nationally representative sample of HIV-infected adults receiving health care. J Gen Intern Med. 2005 Sep; 20(9):807-13.
81. Heslin KC, Andersen RM, Ettner SL, Cunningham WE. Racial and ethnic disparities in access to physicians with HIV-related expertise. J Gen Intern Med. 2005 Mar; 20(3):283-9.
82. Cunningham WE, Crystal S, Bozzette S, Hays RD. The association of health-related quality of life with survival among persons with HIV infection in the United States. J Gen Intern Med. 2005 Jan; 20(1):21-7.
83. Cunningham WA, Johnson MK, Raye CL, Chris Gatenby J, Gore JC, Banaji MR. Separable neural components in the processing of black and white faces. Psychol Sci. 2004 Dec; 15(12):806-13.
84. King WD, Wong MD, Shapiro MF, Landon BE, Cunningham WE. Does racial concordance between HIV-positive patients and their physicians affect the time to receipt of protease inhibitors? J Gen Intern Med. 2004 Nov; 19(11):1146-53.
85. Solorio MR, Currier J, Cunningham W. HIV health care services for Mexican migrants. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2004 Nov 01; 37 Suppl 4:S240-51.
86. Morales LS, Cunningham WE, Galvan FH, Andersen RM, Nakazono TT, Shapiro MF. Sociodemographic differences in access to care among Hispanic patients who are HIV infected in the United States. Am J Public Health. 2004 Jul; 94(7):1119-21.
87. Harawa NT, Greenland S, Bingham TA, Johnson DF, Cochran SD, Cunningham WE, Celentano DD, Koblin BA, LaLota M, MacKellar DA, McFarland W, Shehan D, Stoyanoff S, Thiede H, Torian L, Valleroy LA. Associations of race/ethnicity with HIV prevalence and HIV-related behaviors among young men who have sex with men in 7 urban centers in the United States. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2004 Apr 15; 35(5):526-36.
88. Wong MD, Cunningham WE, Shapiro MF, Andersen RM, Cleary PD, Duan N, Liu HH, Wilson IB, Landon BE, Wenger NS. Disparities in HIV treatment and physician attitudes about delaying protease inhibitors for nonadherent patients. J Gen Intern Med. 2004 Apr; 19(4):366-74.
89. Taylor SL, Burnam MA, Sherbourne C, Andersen R, Cunningham WE. The relationship between type of mental health provider and met and unmet mental health needs in a nationally representative sample of HIV-positive patients. J Behav Health Serv Res. 2004 Apr-Jun; 31(2):149-63.
90. Cunningham WE, Nakazono TT, Tsai KL, Hays RD. Do differences in methods for constructing SF-36 physical and mental health summary measures change their associations with chronic medical conditions and utilization? Qual Life Res. 2003 Dec; 12(8):1029-35.
91. Globe DR, Cunningham WE, Andersen R, Dietrich SL, Curtis RG, Parish KL, Miller RT, Sanders NL, Kominski G. The Hemophilia Utilization Group Study (HUGS): determinants of costs of care in persons with haemophilia A. Haemophilia. 2003 May; 9(3):325-31.
92. Harawa NT, Greenland S, Cochran SD, Cunningham WE, Visscher B. Do differences in relationship and partner attributes explain disparities in sexually transmitted disease among young white and black women? J Adolesc Health. 2003 Mar; 32(3):187-91.
93. Eisenman DP, Cunningham WE, Zierler S, Nakazono TT, Shapiro MF. Effect of violence on utilization of services and access to care in persons with HIV. J Gen Intern Med. 2003 Feb; 18(2):125-7.
94. Phelps EA, Cannistraci CJ, Cunningham WA. Intact performance on an indirect measure of race bias following amygdala damage. Neuropsychologia. 2003; 41(2):203-8.
95. Dobalian A, Andersen RM, Stein JA, Hays RD, Cunningham WE, Marcus M. The impact of HIV on oral health and subsequent use of dental services. J Public Health Dent. 2003; 63(2):78-85.
96. Harawa NT, Bingham TA, Cochran SD, Greenland S, Cunningham WE. HIV prevalence among foreign- and US-born clients of public STD clinics. Am J Public Health. 2002 Dec; 92(12):1958-63.
97. Korthuis PT, Asch S, Mancewicz M, Shapiro MF, Mathews WC, Cunningham WE, McCutchan JA, Gifford A, Lee ML, Bozzette SA. Measuring medication: do interviews agree with medical record and pharmacy data? Med Care. 2002 Dec; 40(12):1270-82.
98. Solorio MR, Asch SM, Globe D, Cunningham WE. The association of access to medical care with regular source of care and sociodemographic characteristics in patients with HIV and tuberculosis. J Natl Med Assoc. 2002 Jul; 94(7):581-9.
99. Lim YW, Andersen R, Leake B, Cunningham W, Gelberg L. How accessible is medical care for homeless women? Med Care. 2002 Jun; 40(6):510-20.
100. Gifford AL, Cunningham WE, Heslin KC, Andersen RM, Nakazono T, Lieu DK, Shapiro MF, Bozzette SA. Participation in research and access to experimental treatments by HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 May 02; 346(18):1373-82.
101. Kilbourne AM, Andersen RM, Asch S, Nakazono T, Crystal S, Stein M, Gifford AL, Bing EG, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF, Cunningham WE. Response to symptoms among a U.S. national probability sample of adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Med Care Res Rev. 2002 Mar; 59(1):36-58.
102. Globe DR, Cunningham WE, Andersen R, Dietrich SL, Curtis RG, Parish KL, Miller RT, Sanders NL, Kominski G. Haemophilia Utilization Group Study: assessment of functional health status in haemophilia. Haemophilia. 2002 Mar; 8(2):121-8.
103. Coulter ID, Heslin KC, Marcus M, Hays RD, Freed J, Der-Martirosia C, Guzmán-Becerra N, Cunningham WE, Andersen RM, Shapiro MF. Associations of self-reported oral health with physical and mental health in a nationally representative sample of HIV persons receiving medical care. Qual Life Res. 2002 Feb; 11(1):57-70.
104. Asch SM, Gifford AL, Bozzette SA, Turner B, Mathews WC, Kuromiya K, Cunningham W, Andersen R, Shapiro M, Rastegar A, McCutchan JA. Underuse of primary Mycobacterium avium complex and Pneumocystis carinii prophylaxis in the United States. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2001 Dec 01; 28(4):340-4.
105. Younai FS, Marcus M, Freed JR, Coulter ID, Cunningham W, Der-Martirosian C, Guzman-Bercerra N, Shapiro M. Self-reported oral dryness and HIV disease in a national sample of patients receiving medical care. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2001 Dec; 92(6):629-36.
106. Katz MH, Cunningham WE, Fleishman JA, Andersen RM, Kellogg T, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF. Effect of case management on unmet needs and utilization of medical care and medications among HIV-infected persons. Ann Intern Med. 2001 Oct 16; 135(8 Pt 1):557-65.
107. Stein MD, Cunningham WE, Nakazono T, Turner BJ, Andersen RM, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF. Screening for cervical cancer in HIV-infected women receiving care in the United States. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2001 Aug 15; 27(5):463-6.
108. Nelson K, Cunningham W, Andersen R, Harrison G, Gelberg L. Is food insufficiency associated with health status and health care utilization among adults with diabetes? J Gen Intern Med. 2001 Jun; 16(6):404-11.
109. Heslin KC, Cunningham WE, Marcus M, Coulter I, Freed J, Der-Martirosian C, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF, Morton SC, Andersen RM. A comparison of unmet needs for dental and medical care among persons with HIV infection receiving care in the United States. J Public Health Dent. 2001; 61(1):14-21.
110. Cunningham WE, Markson LE, Andersen RM, Crystal SH, Fleishman JA, Golin C, Gifford A, Liu HH, Nakazono TT, Morton S, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF, Wenger NS. Prevalence and predictors of highly active antiretroviral therapy use in patients with HIV infection in the united states. HCSUS Consortium. HIV Cost and Services Utilization. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2000 Oct 01; 25(2):115-23.
111. Turner BJ, Cunningham WE, Duan N, Andersen RM, Shapiro MF, Bozzette SA, Nakazono T, Morton S, Crystal S, St Clair P, Stein M, Zierler S. Delayed medical care after diagnosis in a US national probability sample of persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Arch Intern Med. 2000 Sep 25; 160(17):2614-22.
112. Stein MD, Cunningham WE, Nakazono T, Asch S, Turner BJ, Crystal S, Andersen RM, Zierler S, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF. Care of vaginal symptoms among HIV-infected women. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2000 Sep 01; 25(1):51-5.
113. Marcus M, Freed JR, Coulter ID, Der-Martirosian C, Cunningham W, Andersen R, Garcia I, Schneider DA, Maas WR, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF. Perceived unmet need for oral treatment among a national population of HIV-positive medical patients: social and clinical correlates. Am J Public Health. 2000 Jul; 90(7):1059-63.
114. Stein MD, Crystal S, Cunningham WE, Ananthanarayanan A, Andersen RM, Turner BJ, Zierler S, Morton S, Katz MH, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF, Schuster MA. Delays in seeking HIV care due to competing caregiver responsibilities. Am J Public Health. 2000 Jul; 90(7):1138-40.
115. Hays RD, Cunningham WE, Sherbourne CD, Wilson IB, Wu AW, Cleary PD, McCaffrey DF, Fleishman JA, Crystal S, Collins R, Eggan F, Shapiro MF, Bozzette SA. Health-related quality of life in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection in the United States: results from the HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study. Am J Med. 2000 Jun 15; 108(9):714-22.
116. Andersen R, Bozzette S, Shapiro M, St Clair P, Morton S, Crystal S, Goldman D, Wenger N, Gifford A, Leibowitz A, Asch S, Berry S, Nakazono T, Heslin K, Cunningham W. Access of vulnerable groups to antiretroviral therapy among persons in care for HIV disease in the United States. HCSUS Consortium. HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study. Health Serv Res. 2000 Jun; 35(2):389-416.
117. Snyder RE, Cunningham W, Nakazono TT, Hays RD. Access to medical care reported by Asians and Pacific Islanders in a West Coast physician group association. Med Care Res Rev. 2000 Jun; 57(2):196-215.
118. Coulter ID, Marcus M, Freed JR, Der-Martirosian C, Cunningham WE, Andersen RM, Maas WR, Garcia I, Schneider DA, Genovese B, Shapiro MF, Bozzette SA. Use of dental care by HIV-infected medical patients. J Dent Res. 2000 Jun; 79(6):1356-61.
119. Cunningham WE, Mosen DM, Morales LS, Andersen RM, Shapiro MF, Hays RD. Ethnic and racial differences in long-term survival from hospitalization for HIV infection. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2000 May; 11(2):163-78.
120. Zierler S, Cunningham WE, Andersen R, Shapiro MF, Nakazono T, Morton S, Crystal S, Stein M, Turner B, St Clair P, Bozzette SA. Violence victimization after HIV infection in a US probability sample of adult patients in primary care. Am J Public Health. 2000 Feb; 90(2):208-15.
121. Cunningham WE, Hays RD, Burton TM, Kington RS. Health status measurement performance and health status differences by age, ethnicity, and gender: assessment in the medical outcomes study. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2000 Feb; 11(1):58-76.
122. Katz MH, Cunningham WE, Mor V, Andersen RM, Kellogg T, Zierler S, Crystal SC, Stein MD, Cylar K, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF. Prevalence and predictors of unmet need for supportive services among HIV-infected persons: impact of case management. Med Care. 2000 Jan; 38(1):58-69.
123. Cunningham WE, Burton TM, Hawes-Dawson J, Kington RS, Hays RD. Use of relevancy ratings by target respondents to develop health-related quality of life measures: an example with African-American elderly. Qual Life Res. 1999 Dec; 8(8):749-68.
124. Cunningham WE, Andersen RM, Katz MH, Stein MD, Turner BJ, Crystal S, Zierler S, Kuromiya K, Morton SC, St Clair P, Bozzette SA, Shapiro MF. The impact of competing subsistence needs and barriers on access to medical care for persons with human immunodeficiency virus receiving care in the United States. Med Care. 1999 Dec; 37(12):1270-81.
125. Cunningham WE, Davidson PL, Nakazono TT, Andersen RM. Do black and white adults use the same sources of information about AIDS prevention? Health Educ Behav. 1999 Oct; 26(5):703-13.
126. Cunningham WE, Tisnado DM, Lui HH, Nakazono TT, Carlisle DM. The effect of hospital experience on mortality among patients hospitalized with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in California. Am J Med. 1999 Aug; 107(2):137-43.
127. Morales LS, Cunningham WE, Brown JA, Liu H, Hays RD. Are Latinos less satisfied with communication by health care providers? J Gen Intern Med. 1999 Jul; 14(7):409-17.
128. Cunningham W, Levan R, Brown ER, Wyn R. African Americans remain uninsured at higher rates than whites despite their increasing job-based coverage. Policy Brief UCLA Cent Health Policy Res. 1999 Apr; (PB-99-2):1-4.
129. Davidson PL, Cunningham WE, Nakazono TT, Andersen RM. Evaluating the effect of usual source of dental care on access to dental services: comparisons among diverse populations. Med Care Res Rev. 1999 Mar; 56(1):74-93.
130. Globe DR, Hays RD, Cunningham WE. Associations of clinical parameters with health-related quality of life in hospitalized persons with HIV disease. AIDS Care. 1999 Feb; 11(1):71-86.
131. Mosen DM, Wenger NS, Shapiro MF, Andersen RM, Cunningham WE. Is access to medical care associated with receipt of HIV testing and counselling? AIDS Care. 1998 Oct; 10(5):617-28.
132. Cunningham WE, Hays RD, Ettl MK, Dixon WJ, Liu RC, Beck CK, Shapiro MF. The prospective effect of access to medical care on health-related quality-of-life outcomes in patients with symptomatic HIV disease. Med Care. 1998 Mar; 36(3):295-306.
133. Cunningham WE, Shapiro MF, Hays RD, Dixon WJ, Visscher BR, George WL, Ettl MK, Beck CK. Constitutional symptoms and health-related quality of life in patients with symptomatic HIV disease. Am J Med. 1998 Feb; 104(2):129-36.
134. Cunningham WE, Rana HM, Shapiro MF, Hays RD. Reliability and validity of self-report CD4 counts-in persons hospitalized with HIV disease. J Clin Epidemiol. 1997 Jul; 50(7):829-35.
135. Cunningham WE, Mosen DM, Hays RD, Andersen RM, Shapiro MF. Access to community-based medical services and number of hospitalizations among patients with HIV disease: are they related? J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1996 Dec 01; 13(4):327-35.
136. Cunningham WE, Hays RD, Williams KW, Beck KC, Dixon WJ, Shapiro MF. Access to medical care and health-related quality of life for low-income persons with symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus. Med Care. 1995 Jul; 33(7):739-54.
137. Cunningham WE, Bozzette SA, Hays RD, Kanouse DE, Shapiro MF. Comparison of health-related quality of life in clinical trial and nonclinical trial human immunodeficiency virus-infected cohorts. Med Care. 1995 Apr; 33(4 Suppl):AS15-25.
138. Cunningham WE, Segree W. Breast feeding promotion in an urban and a rural Jamaican hospital. Soc Sci Med. 1990; 30(3):341-8.

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