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Evan F. Williams

TitleAssoc. Professor, Dept. of Pharmacology and Toxicology
InstitutionMorehouse School of Medicine
Address
Phone(404) 752-1712
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Stachl CN, Williams ER. Effects of Temperature on Cs+(H2O)20 Clathrate Structure. J Phys Chem Lett. 2020 Jul 17; 6127-6132. PMID: 32633968.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    2. Harper CC, Williams ER. Enhanced Multiplexing in Fourier Transform Charge Detection Mass Spectrometry by Decoupling Ion Frequency from Mass to Charge Ratio. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2019 Dec; 30(12):2637-2645. PMID: 31720975.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    3. McSpadden ED, Xia Z, Chi CC, Susa AC, Shah NH, Gee CL, Williams ER, Kuriyan J. Variation in assembly stoichiometry in non-metazoan homologs of the hub domain of Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II. Protein Sci. 2019 06; 28(6):1071-1082. PMID: 30942928.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    4. Xia Z, DeGrandchamp JB, Williams ER. Native mass spectrometry beyond ammonium acetate: effects of nonvolatile salts on protein stability and structure. Analyst. 2019 Apr 08; 144(8):2565-2573. PMID: 30882808.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    5. Xia Z, Williams ER. Effect of droplet lifetime on where ions are formed in electrospray ionization. Analyst. 2018 Dec 17; 144(1):237-248. PMID: 30488074.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    6. Elliott AG, Harper CC, Lin HW, Williams ER. Effects of Individual Ion Energies on Charge Measurements in Fourier Transform Charge Detection Mass Spectrometry (FT-CDMS). J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2019 Jun; 30(6):946-955. PMID: 30430436.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    7. Chakrabarty S, DiTucci MJ, Berden G, Oomens J, Williams ER. Structural Investigation of the Hormone Melatonin and Its Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metal Complexes in the Gas Phase. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2018 Sep; 29(9):1835-1847. PMID: 30006822.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    8. Heiles S, Berden G, Oomens J, Williams ER. Competition between salt bridge and non-zwitterionic structures in deprotonated amino acid dimers. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2018 Jun 13; 20(23):15641-15652. PMID: 29845141.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Cells
    9. Harper CC, Elliott AG, Lin HW, Williams ER. Determining Energies and Cross Sections of Individual Ions Using Higher-Order Harmonics in Fourier Transform Charge Detection Mass Spectrometry (FT-CDMS). J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2018 09; 29(9):1861-1869. PMID: 29860679.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    10. DiTucci MJ, Stachl CN, Williams ER. Long distance ion-water interactions in aqueous sulfate nanodrops persist to ambient temperatures in the upper atmosphere. Chem Sci. 2018 Apr 28; 9(16):3970-3977. PMID: 29780530.
      Citations:    
    11. Susa AC, Lippens JL, Xia Z, Loo JA, Campuzano IDG, Williams ER. Submicrometer Emitter ESI Tips for Native Mass Spectrometry of Membrane Proteins in Ionic and Nonionic Detergents. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2018 01; 29(1):203-206. PMID: 29027132.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    12. Xia Z, Williams ER. Protein-Glass Surface Interactions and Ion Desalting in Electrospray Ionization with Submicron Emitters. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2018 01; 29(1):194-202. PMID: 29027129.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    13. Elliott AG, Harper CC, Lin HW, Williams ER. Mass, mobility and MSn measurements of single ions using charge detection mass spectrometry. Analyst. 2017 Jul 24; 142(15):2760-2769. PMID: 28636005.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    
    14. Elliott AG, Harper CC, Lin HW, Susa AC, Xia Z, Williams ER. Simultaneous Measurements of Mass and Collisional Cross-Section of Single Ions with Charge Detection Mass Spectrometry. Anal Chem. 2017 07 18; 89(14):7701-7708. PMID: 28621517.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    15. Susa AC, Xia Z, Williams ER. Native Mass Spectrometry from Common Buffers with Salts That Mimic the Extracellular Environment. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2017 06 26; 56(27):7912-7915. PMID: 28510995.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    16. Cooper RJ, O'Brien JT, Chang TM, Williams ER. Structural and electrostatic effects at the surfaces of size- and charge-selected aqueous nanodrops. Chem Sci. 2017 Jul 01; 8(7):5201-5213. PMID: 28970907.
      Citations:    
    17. Mortensen DN, Susa AC, Williams ER. Collisional Cross-Sections with T-Wave Ion Mobility Spectrometry without Experimental Calibration. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2017 07; 28(7):1282-1292. PMID: 28432656.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    
    18. DiTucci MJ, Böhm F, Schwaab G, Williams ER, Havenith M. Effects of multivalent hexacyanoferrates and their ion pairs on water molecule dynamics measured with terahertz spectroscopy. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2017 Mar 08; 19(10):7297-7306. PMID: 28239695.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    19. Susa AC, Xia Z, Williams ER. Small Emitter Tips for Native Mass Spectrometry of Proteins and Protein Complexes from Nonvolatile Buffers That Mimic the Intracellular Environment. Anal Chem. 2017 03 07; 89(5):3116-3122. PMID: 28192954.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    20. Heiles S, Cooper RJ, DiTucci MJ, Williams ER. Sequential water molecule binding enthalpies for aqueous nanodrops containing a mono-, di- or trivalent ion and between 20 and 500 water molecules. Chem Sci. 2017 Apr 01; 8(4):2973-2982. PMID: 28451364.
      Citations:    
    21. Regazzoni LG, Grigoryan H, Ji Z, Chen X, Daniels SI, Huang D, Sanchez S, Tang N, Sillé FC, Iavarone AT, Williams ER, Zhang L, Rappaport SM. Using lysine adducts of human serum albumin to investigate the disposition of exogenous formaldehyde in human blood. Toxicol Lett. 2017 Feb 15; 268:26-35. PMID: 28104429.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    22. Elliott AG, Merenbloom SI, Chakrabarty S, Williams ER. Single Particle Analyzer of Mass: A Charge Detection Mass Spectrometer with a Multi-Detector Electrostatic Ion Trap. Int J Mass Spectrom. 2017 03; 414:45-55. PMID: 29129967.
      Citations:    
    23. DiTucci MJ, Williams ER. Nanometer patterning of water by tetraanionic ferrocyanide stabilized in aqueous nanodrops. Chem Sci. 2017 Feb 01; 8(2):1391-1399. PMID: 28451280.
      Citations:    
    24. Susa AC, Xia Z, Tang HYH, Tainer JA, Williams ER. Charging of Proteins in Native Mass Spectrometry. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2017 02; 28(2):332-340. PMID: 27734326.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    
    25. Grigoryan H, Edmands W, Lu SS, Yano Y, Regazzoni L, Iavarone AT, Williams ER, Rappaport SM. Adductomics Pipeline for Untargeted Analysis of Modifications to Cys34 of Human Serum Albumin. Anal Chem. 2016 11 01; 88(21):10504-10512. PMID: 27684351.
      Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    26. Mortensen DN, Williams ER. Microsecond and nanosecond polyproline II helix formation in aqueous nanodrops measured by mass spectrometry. Chem Commun (Camb). 2016 Oct 06; 52(82):12218-12221. PMID: 27711437.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    27. Mortensen DN, Williams ER. Surface-Induced Protein Unfolding in Submicron Electrospray Emitters. Anal Chem. 2016 10 04; 88(19):9662-9668. PMID: 27615434.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    28. Chakrabarty S, Williams ER. The effect of halide and iodate anions on the hydrogen-bonding network of water in aqueous nanodrops. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2016 Sep 14; 18(36):25483-25490. PMID: 27711560.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    29. Mortensen DN, Williams ER. Electrothermal supercharging of proteins in native MS: effects of protein isoelectric point, buffer, and nanoESI-emitter tip size. Analyst. 2016 Oct 07; 141(19):5598-606. PMID: 27441318.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    30. Cassidy-Amstutz C, Oltrogge L, Going CC, Lee A, Teng P, Quintanilla D, East-Seletsky A, Williams ER, Savage DF. Identification of a Minimal Peptide Tag for in Vivo and in Vitro Loading of Encapsulin. Biochemistry. 2016 06 21; 55(24):3461-8. PMID: 27224728.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    31. Bhattacharyya M, Stratton MM, Going CC, McSpadden ED, Huang Y, Susa AC, Elleman A, Cao YM, Pappireddi N, Burkhardt P, Gee CL, Barros T, Schulman H, Williams ER, Kuriyan J. Molecular mechanism of activation-triggered subunit exchange in Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II. Elife. 2016 03 07; 5. PMID: 26949248.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    32. Mortensen DN, Williams ER. Ultrafast (1 µs) Mixing and Fast Protein Folding in Nanodrops Monitored by Mass Spectrometry. J Am Chem Soc. 2016 Mar 16; 138(10):3453-60. PMID: 26902747.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    33. Going CC, Xia Z, Williams ER. Real-time HD Exchange Kinetics of Proteins from Buffered Aqueous Solution with Electrothermal Supercharging and Top-Down Tandem Mass Spectrometry. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2016 06; 27(6):1019-27. PMID: 26919868.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    34. Cooper RJ, DiTucci MJ, Chang TM, Williams ER. Delayed Onset of Crystallinity in Ion-Containing Aqueous Nanodrops. J Am Chem Soc. 2016 Jan 13; 138(1):96-9. PMID: 26714195.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    
    35. Heiles S, Cooper RJ, Berden G, Oomens J, Williams ER. Hydrogen bond mediated stabilization of the salt bridge structure for the glycine dimer anion. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2015 Nov 11; 17(45):30642-7. PMID: 26524433.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    
    36. Going CC, Xia Z, Williams ER. New supercharging reagents produce highly charged protein ions in native mass spectrometry. Analyst. 2015 Nov 07; 140(21):7184-94. PMID: 26421324.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    37. Cooper RJ, Heiles S, Williams ER. Effects of electronic structure on the hydration of PbNO3(+) and SrNO3(+) ion pairs. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2015 Jun 28; 17(24):15963-75. PMID: 26028325.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    38. Heiles S, Cooper RJ, DiTucci MJ, Williams ER. Hydration of guanidinium depends on its local environment. Chem Sci. 2015 Jun 01; 6(6):3420-3429. PMID: 28706704.
      Citations:    
    39. Going CC, Williams ER. Supercharging with m-nitrobenzyl alcohol and propylene carbonate: forming highly charged ions with extended, near-linear conformations. Anal Chem. 2015 Apr 07; 87(7):3973-80. PMID: 25719488.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    40. DiTucci MJ, Heiles S, Williams ER. Role of water in stabilizing ferricyanide trianion and ion-induced effects to the hydrogen-bonding water network at long distance. J Am Chem Soc. 2015 Feb 04; 137(4):1650-7. PMID: 25569605.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    
    41. Mortensen DN, Williams ER. Investigating protein folding and unfolding in electrospray nanodrops upon rapid mixing using theta-glass emitters. Anal Chem. 2015 Jan 20; 87(2):1281-7. PMID: 25525976.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    42. Cassou CA, Williams ER. Desalting protein ions in native mass spectrometry using supercharging reagents. Analyst. 2014 Oct 07; 139(19):4810-9. PMID: 25133273.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    43. Mortensen DN, Williams ER. Theta-glass capillaries in electrospray ionization: rapid mixing and short droplet lifetimes. Anal Chem. 2014 Sep 16; 86(18):9315-21. PMID: 25160559.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    44. Cooper RJ, Heiles S, DiTucci MJ, Williams ER. Hydration of guanidinium: second shell formation at small cluster size. J Phys Chem A. 2014 Jul 31; 118(30):5657-66. PMID: 24999751.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    45. Chang TM, Chakrabarty S, Williams ER. Hydration of gaseous m-aminobenzoic acid: ionic vs neutral hydrogen bonding and water bridges. J Am Chem Soc. 2014 Jul 23; 136(29):10440-9. PMID: 24971758.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    46. Susa AC, Mortensen DN, Williams ER. Effects of cations on protein and peptide charging in electrospray ionization from aqueous solutions. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2014 Jun; 25(6):918-27. PMID: 24729190.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    
    47. Cassou CA, Williams ER. Anions in electrothermal supercharging of proteins with electrospray ionization follow a reverse Hofmeister series. Anal Chem. 2014 Feb 04; 86(3):1640-7. PMID: 24410546.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    48. Chang TM, Cooper RJ, Williams ER. Locating protonated amines in clathrates. J Am Chem Soc. 2013 Oct 02; 135(39):14821-30. PMID: 24007314.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    
    49. Cooper RJ, Chang TM, Williams ER. Hydrated alkali metal ions: spectroscopic evidence for clathrates. J Phys Chem A. 2013 Aug 01; 117(30):6571-9. PMID: 23808387.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    
    50. Flick TG, Merenbloom SI, Williams ER. Effects of metal ion adduction on the gas-phase conformations of protein ions. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2013 Nov; 24(11):1654-62. PMID: 23733259.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    51. Demireva M, Oomens J, Berden G, Williams ER. The Ionic Hydrogen/Deuterium Bonds between Diammoniumalkane Dications and Halide Anions. Chempluschem. 2013 Sep; 78(9):995-1004. PMID: 31986747.
      Citations:    
    52. Flick TG, Donald WA, Williams ER. Electron capture dissociation of trivalent metal ion-peptide complexes. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2013 Feb; 24(2):193-201. PMID: 23283726.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    
    53. Cassou CA, Sterling HJ, Susa AC, Williams ER. Electrothermal supercharging in mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry of native proteins. Anal Chem. 2013 Jan 02; 85(1):138-46. PMID: 23194134.
      Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    54. Chang TM, Prell JS, Warrick ER, Williams ER. Where's the charge? Protonation sites in gaseous ions change with hydration. J Am Chem Soc. 2012 Sep 26; 134(38):15805-13. PMID: 22954377.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    
    55. Flick TG, Williams ER. Supercharging with trivalent metal ions in native mass spectrometry. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2012 Nov; 23(11):1885-95. PMID: 22948901.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    56. Flick TG, Cassou CA, Chang TM, Williams ER. Solution additives that desalt protein ions in native mass spectrometry. Anal Chem. 2012 Sep 04; 84(17):7511-7. PMID: 22881839.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    
    57. Demireva M, O'Brien JT, Williams ER. Water-induced folding of 1,7-diammoniumheptane. J Am Chem Soc. 2012 Jul 11; 134(27):11216-24. PMID: 22708846.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    58. O'Brien JT, Williams ER. Effects of ions on hydrogen-bonding water networks in large aqueous nanodrops. J Am Chem Soc. 2012 Jun 20; 134(24):10228-36. PMID: 22616651.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    59. Grigoryan H, Li H, Iavarone AT, Williams ER, Rappaport SM. Cys34 adducts of reactive oxygen species in human serum albumin. Chem Res Toxicol. 2012 Aug 20; 25(8):1633-42. PMID: 22591159.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    60. Sterling HJ, Cassou CA, Susa AC, Williams ER. Electrothermal supercharging of proteins in native electrospray ionization. Anal Chem. 2012 Apr 17; 84(8):3795-801. PMID: 22409200.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    61. Merenbloom SI, Flick TG, Williams ER. How hot are your ions in TWAVE ion mobility spectrometry? J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2012 Mar; 23(3):553-62. PMID: 22203576.
      Citations: 28     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    62. Sterling HJ, Kintzer AF, Feld GK, Cassou CA, Krantz BA, Williams ER. Supercharging protein complexes from aqueous solution disrupts their native conformations. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2012 Feb; 23(2):191-200. PMID: 22161509.
      Citations: 27     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    63. O'Brien JT, Williams ER. Coordination numbers of hydrated divalent transition metal ions investigated with IRPD spectroscopy. J Phys Chem A. 2011 Dec 29; 115(51):14612-9. PMID: 22098330.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    64. Donald WA, Leib RD, Demireva M, Williams ER. Ions in size-selected aqueous nanodrops: sequential water molecule binding energies and effects of water on ion fluorescence. J Am Chem Soc. 2011 Nov 23; 133(46):18940-9. PMID: 21999364.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    
    65. Merenbloom SI, Flick TG, Daly MP, Williams ER. Effects of select anions from the Hofmeister series on the gas-phase conformations of protein ions measured with traveling-wave ion mobility spectrometry/mass spectrometry. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2011 Nov; 22(11):1978-90. PMID: 21952780.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    
    66. Flick TG, Merenbloom SI, Williams ER. Anion effects on sodium ion and acid molecule adduction to protein ions in electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2011 Nov; 22(11):1968-77. PMID: 21952761.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    67. Sterling HJ, Prell JS, Cassou CA, Williams ER. Protein conformation and supercharging with DMSO from aqueous solution. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2011 Jul; 22(7):1178-86. PMID: 21953100.
      Citations: 27     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    68. Rappaport SM, Li H, Grigoryan H, Funk WE, Williams ER. Adductomics: characterizing exposures to reactive electrophiles. Toxicol Lett. 2012 Aug 13; 213(1):83-90. PMID: 21501670.
      Citations: 48     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    69. Prell JS, Chang TM, Biles JA, Berden G, Oomens J, Williams ER. Isomer population analysis of gaseous ions from infrared multiple photon dissociation kinetics. J Phys Chem A. 2011 Apr 07; 115(13):2745-51. PMID: 21410158.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    
    70. Prell JS, O'Brien JT, Williams ER. Structural and electric field effects of ions in aqueous nanodrops. J Am Chem Soc. 2011 Apr 06; 133(13):4810-8. PMID: 21405134.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    71. Sterling HJ, Cassou CA, Trnka MJ, Burlingame AL, Krantz BA, Williams ER. The role of conformational flexibility on protein supercharging in native electrospray ionization. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2011 Nov 07; 13(41):18288-96. PMID: 21399817.
      Citations: 23     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    72. Leib RD, Williams ER. Simultaneous quantitation of amino acid mixtures using clustering agents. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2011 Apr; 22(4):624-32. PMID: 21472601.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    73. Flick TG, Merenbloom SI, Williams ER. A simple and robust method for determining the number of basic sites in peptides and proteins using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Anal Chem. 2011 Mar 15; 83(6):2210-4. PMID: 21338067.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    74. Li H, Grigoryan H, Funk WE, Lu SS, Rose S, Williams ER, Rappaport SM. Profiling Cys34 adducts of human serum albumin by fixed-step selected reaction monitoring. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2011 Mar; 10(3):M110.004606. PMID: 21193536.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    75. Donald WA, Leib RD, Demireva M, Negru B, Neumark DM, Williams ER. Average sequential water molecule binding enthalpies of M(H2O)(19-124)2+ (M = Co, Fe, Mn, and Cu) measured with ultraviolet photodissociation at 193 and 248 nm. J Phys Chem A. 2011 Jan 13; 115(1):2-12. PMID: 21142113.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    76. Kintzer AF, Sterling HJ, Tang II, Williams ER, Krantz BA. Anthrax toxin receptor drives protective antigen oligomerization and stabilizes the heptameric and octameric oligomer by a similar mechanism. PLoS One. 2010 Nov 08; 5(11):e13888. PMID: 21079738.
      Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    77. Feld GK, Thoren KL, Kintzer AF, Sterling HJ, Tang II, Greenberg SG, Williams ER, Krantz BA. Structural basis for the unfolding of anthrax lethal factor by protective antigen oligomers. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2010 Nov; 17(11):1383-90. PMID: 21037566.
      Citations: 58     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    78. Prell JS, Correra TC, Chang TM, Biles JA, Williams ER. Entropy drives an attached water molecule from the C- to N-terminus on protonated proline. J Am Chem Soc. 2010 Oct 27; 132(42):14733-5. PMID: 20886878.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    79. Donald WA, Williams ER. An improved cluster pair correlation method for obtaining the absolute proton hydration energy and enthalpy evaluated with an expanded data set. J Phys Chem B. 2010 Oct 21; 114(41):13189-200. PMID: 20863092.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    80. Sterling HJ, Williams ER. Real-time hydrogen/deuterium exchange kinetics via supercharged electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Anal Chem. 2010 Nov 01; 82(21):9050-7. PMID: 20942406.
      Citations: 23     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    81. Sterling HJ, Daly MP, Feld GK, Thoren KL, Kintzer AF, Krantz BA, Williams ER. Effects of supercharging reagents on noncovalent complex structure in electrospray ionization from aqueous solutions. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2010 Oct; 21(10):1762-74. PMID: 20673639.
      Citations: 41     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    82. O'Brien JT, Prell JS, Bush MF, Williams ER. Sulfate ion patterns water at long distance. J Am Chem Soc. 2010 Jun 23; 132(24):8248-9. PMID: 20518523.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    
    83. Prell JS, Chang TM, O'Brien JT, Williams ER. Hydration isomers of protonated phenylalanine and derivatives: relative stabilities from infrared photodissociation. J Am Chem Soc. 2010 Jun 09; 132(22):7811-9. PMID: 20469865.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    
    84. Donald WA, Leib RD, Demireva M, Negru B, Neumark DM, Williams ER. "Weighing" photon energies with mass spectrometry: effects of water on ion fluorescence. J Am Chem Soc. 2010 May 26; 132(20):6904-5. PMID: 20438075.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    85. Kintzer AF, Sterling HJ, Tang II, Abdul-Gader A, Miles AJ, Wallace BA, Williams ER, Krantz BA. Role of the protective antigen octamer in the molecular mechanism of anthrax lethal toxin stabilization in plasma. J Mol Biol. 2010 Jun 25; 399(5):741-58. PMID: 20433851.
      Citations: 36     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    86. Donald WA, Demireva M, Leib RD, Aiken MJ, Williams ER. Electron hydration and ion-electron pairs in water clusters containing trivalent metal ions. J Am Chem Soc. 2010 Apr 07; 132(13):4633-40. PMID: 20218722.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    
    87. Demireva M, Williams ER. Measuring internal energy deposition in collisional activation using hydrated ion nanocalorimetry to obtain peptide dissociation energies and entropies. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2010 Jul; 21(7):1133-43. PMID: 20363645.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    88. Sterling HJ, Batchelor JD, Wemmer DE, Williams ER. Effects of buffer loading for electrospray ionization mass spectrometry of a noncovalent protein complex that requires high concentrations of essential salts. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2010 Jun; 21(6):1045-9. PMID: 20226685.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    89. Prell JS, O'Brien JT, Williams ER. IRPD spectroscopy and ensemble measurements: effects of different data acquisition and analysis methods. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2010 May; 21(5):800-9. PMID: 20185332.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    
    90. Prell JS, Flick TG, Oomens J, Berden G, Williams ER. Coordination of trivalent metal cations to peptides: results from IRMPD spectroscopy and theory. J Phys Chem A. 2010 Jan 21; 114(2):854-60. PMID: 19950916.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    91. Chung MK, Riby J, Li H, Iavarone AT, Williams ER, Zheng Y, Rappaport SM. A sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for adducts of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with human serum albumin. Anal Biochem. 2010 May 01; 400(1):123-9. PMID: 20083082.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    92. Donald WA, Williams ER. Measuring the extent and width of internal energy deposition in ion activation using nanocalorimetry. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2010 Apr; 21(4):615-25. PMID: 20106678.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    93. Flick TG, Leib RD, Williams ER. Standard-free quantitation of mixtures using clusters formed by electrospray mass spectrometry. Anal Chem. 2009 Oct 15; 81(20):8434-40. PMID: 19754104.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    
    94. Bush MF, O'Brien JT, Prell JS, Wu CC, Saykally RJ, Williams ER. Hydration of alkaline earth metal dications: effects of metal ion size determined using infrared action spectroscopy. J Am Chem Soc. 2009 Sep 23; 131(37):13270-7. PMID: 19754186.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    
    95. Donald WA, Leib RD, Demireva M, O'Brien JT, Prell JS, Williams ER. Directly relating reduction energies of gaseous Eu(H2O)n(3+), n = 55-140, to aqueous solution: the absolute SHE potential and real proton solvation energy. J Am Chem Soc. 2009 Sep 23; 131(37):13328-37. PMID: 19711981.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    96. Batchelor JD, Sterling HJ, Hong E, Williams ER, Wemmer DE. Receiver domains control the active-state stoichiometry of Aquifex aeolicus sigma54 activator NtrC4, as revealed by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. J Mol Biol. 2009 Oct 30; 393(3):634-43. PMID: 19699748.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    97. Prell JS, O'Brien JT, Steill JD, Oomens J, Williams ER. Structures of protonated dipeptides: the role of arginine in stabilizing salt bridges. J Am Chem Soc. 2009 Aug 19; 131(32):11442-9. PMID: 19624125.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    98. Kintzer AF, Thoren KL, Sterling HJ, Dong KC, Feld GK, Tang II, Zhang TT, Williams ER, Berger JM, Krantz BA. The protective antigen component of anthrax toxin forms functional octameric complexes. J Mol Biol. 2009 Sep 25; 392(3):614-29. PMID: 19627991.
      Citations: 115     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    99. Sterling HJ, Williams ER. Origin of supercharging in electrospray ionization of noncovalent complexes from aqueous solution. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2009 Oct; 20(10):1933-43. PMID: 19682923.
      Citations: 40     Fields:    
    100. Donald WA, Leib RD, O'Brien JT, Williams ER. Directly relating gas-phase cluster measurements to solution-phase hydrolysis, the absolute standard hydrogen electrode potential, and the absolute proton solvation energy. Chemistry. 2009 Jun 08; 15(24):5926-34. PMID: 19440999.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    101. Leib RD, Flick TG, Williams ER. Direct quantitation of peptide mixtures without standards using clusters formed by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Anal Chem. 2009 May 15; 81(10):3965-72. PMID: 19354265.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    
    102. O'Brien JT, Prell JS, Steill JD, Oomens J, Williams ER. Changes in binding motif of protonated heterodimers containing valine and amines investigated using IRMPD spectroscopy between 800 and 3700 cm(-1) and theory. J Am Chem Soc. 2009 Mar 25; 131(11):3905-12. PMID: 19256491.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    
    103. Prell JS, Williams ER. Structures of thermal, mass-selected water clusters probed with hydrophobic ion tags and infrared photodissociation spectroscopy. J Am Chem Soc. 2009 Mar 25; 131(11):4110-9. PMID: 19292492.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    
    104. Prell JS, Demireva M, Oomens J, Williams ER. Role of sequence in salt-bridge formation for alkali metal cationized GlyArg and ArgGly investigated with IRMPD spectroscopy and theory. J Am Chem Soc. 2009 Jan 28; 131(3):1232-42. PMID: 19117387.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    
    105. Bush MF, Oomens J, Williams ER. Proton affinity and zwitterion stability: new results from infrared spectroscopy and theory of cationized lysine and analogues in the gas phase. J Phys Chem A. 2009 Jan 15; 113(2):431-8. PMID: 19128186.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    106. Bush MF, Saykally RJ, Williams ER. Infrared action spectra of Ca2+(H2O)(11-69) exhibit spectral signatures for condensed-phase structures with increasing cluster size. J Am Chem Soc. 2008 Nov 19; 130(46):15482-9. PMID: 18939831.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    
    107. Holm AI, Donald WA, Hvelplund P, Larsen MK, Nielsen SB, Williams ER. Investigation of energy deposited by femtosecond electron transfer in collisions using hydrated ion nanocalorimetry. J Phys Chem A. 2008 Oct 30; 112(43):10721-7. PMID: 18834102.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    108. O'Brien JT, Prell JS, Steill JD, Oomens J, Williams ER. Interactions of mono- and divalent metal ions with aspartic and glutamic acid investigated with IR photodissociation spectroscopy and theory. J Phys Chem A. 2008 Oct 30; 112(43):10823-30. PMID: 18828579.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    
    109. Prell JS, O'Brien JT, Holm AI, Leib RD, Donald WA, Williams ER. Electron capture by a hydrated gaseous peptide: effects of water on fragmentation and molecular survival. J Am Chem Soc. 2008 Sep 24; 130(38):12680-9. PMID: 18761457.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    
    110. Bush MF, Oomens J, Saykally RJ, Williams ER. Alkali metal ion binding to glutamine and glutamine derivatives investigated by infrared action spectroscopy and theory. J Phys Chem A. 2008 Sep 18; 112(37):8578-84. PMID: 18714968.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    111. Donald WA, Leib RD, O'Brien JT, Holm AI, Williams ER. Nanocalorimetry in mass spectrometry: a route to understanding ion and electron solvation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Nov 25; 105(47):18102-7. PMID: 18687894.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    
    112. Bush MF, Saykally RJ, Williams ER. Reactivity and infrared spectroscopy of gaseous hydrated trivalent metal ions. J Am Chem Soc. 2008 Jul 16; 130(28):9122-8. PMID: 18558673.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    
    113. O'Brien JT, Williams ER. Hydration of gaseous copper dications probed by IR action spectroscopy. J Phys Chem A. 2008 Jul 03; 112(26):5893-901. PMID: 18543884.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    114. Bush MF, Oomens J, Saykally RJ, Williams ER. Effects of alkaline earth metal ion complexation on amino acid zwitterion stability: results from infrared action spectroscopy. J Am Chem Soc. 2008 May 21; 130(20):6463-71. PMID: 18444620.
      Citations: 14     Fields:    
    115. Donald WA, Williams ER. Evaluation of different implementations of the Thomson liquid drop model: comparison to monovalent and divalent cluster ion experimental data. J Phys Chem A. 2008 Apr 24; 112(16):3515-22. PMID: 18358015.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    
    116. O'Brien JT, Prell JS, Holm AI, Williams ER. Effects of electron kinetic energy and ion-electron inelastic collisions in electron capture dissociation measured using ion nanocalorimetry. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2008 Jun; 19(6):772-9. PMID: 18372190.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    117. Donald WA, Leib RD, O'Brien JT, Bush MF, Williams ER. Absolute standard hydrogen electrode potential measured by reduction of aqueous nanodrops in the gas phase. J Am Chem Soc. 2008 Mar 19; 130(11):3371-81. PMID: 18288835.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    118. Bush MF, Saykally RJ, Williams ER. Hydration of the calcium dication: direct evidence for second shell formation from infrared spectroscopy. Chemphyschem. 2007 Oct 22; 8(15):2245-53. PMID: 17876863.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    
    119. Bush MF, Prell JS, Saykally RJ, Williams ER. One water molecule stabilizes the cationized arginine zwitterion. J Am Chem Soc. 2007 Nov 07; 129(44):13544-53. PMID: 17929811.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    
    120. Bush MF, Forbes MW, Jockusch RA, Oomens J, Polfer NC, Saykally RJ, Williams ER. Infrared spectroscopy of cationized lysine and epsilon-N-methyllysine in the gas phase: effects of alkali-metal ion size and proton affinity on zwitterion stability. J Phys Chem A. 2007 Aug 16; 111(32):7753-60. PMID: 17636967.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    
    121. Leib RD, Donald WA, O'Brien JT, Bush MF, Williams ER. Reduction energy of 1 M aqueous ruthenium(III) hexaammine in the gas phase: a route toward establishing an absolute electrochemical scale. J Am Chem Soc. 2007 Jun 27; 129(25):7716-7. PMID: 17542579.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    
    122. Leib RD, Donald WA, Bush MF, O'Brien JT, Williams ER. Nonergodicity in electron capture dissociation investigated using hydrated ion nanocalorimetry. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2007 Jul; 18(7):1217-31. PMID: 17521917.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    123. Leib RD, Donald WA, Bush MF, O'brien JT, Williams ER. Internal energy deposition in electron capture dissociation measured using hydrated divalent metal ions as nanocalorimeters. J Am Chem Soc. 2007 Apr 25; 129(16):4894-5. PMID: 17394314.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    
    124. Bush MF, Saykally RJ, Williams ER. Evidence for water rings in the hexahydrated sulfate dianion from IR spectroscopy. J Am Chem Soc. 2007 Feb 28; 129(8):2220-1. PMID: 17266315.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    125. Bush MF, O'Brien JT, Prell JS, Saykally RJ, Williams ER. Infrared spectroscopy of cationized arginine in the gas phase: direct evidence for the transition from nonzwitterionic to zwitterionic structure. J Am Chem Soc. 2007 Feb 14; 129(6):1612-22. PMID: 17249666.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    126. Robinson EW, Sellon RE, Williams ER. Peak deconvolution in high-field asymmetric waveform ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMS) to characterize macromolecular conformations. Int J Mass Spectrom. 2007 Jan 01; 259(1-3):87-95. PMID: 19079801.
      Citations:    
    127. Robinson EW, Leib RD, Williams ER. The role of conformation on electron capture dissociation of ubiquitin. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2006 Oct; 17(10):1470-1479. PMID: 16890453.
      Citations: 32     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    128. Lemoff AS, Bush MF, O'Brien JT, Williams ER. Structures of lithiated lysine and structural analogues in the gas phase: effects of water and proton affinity on zwitterionic stability. J Phys Chem A. 2006 Jul 13; 110(27):8433-42. PMID: 16821826.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    129. Bush MF, Saykally RJ, Williams ER. Formation of hydrated triply charged metal ions from aqueous solutions using nanodrop mass spectrometry. Int J Mass Spectrom. 2006 Jul 01; 253(3):256-262. PMID: 19081753.
      Citations:    
    130. Krishnaswamy SR, Williams ER, Kirsch JF. Free energies of protein-protein association determined by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry correlate accurately with values obtained by solution methods. Protein Sci. 2006 Jun; 15(6):1465-75. PMID: 16731980.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    131. Robinson EW, Garcia DE, Leib RD, Williams ER. Enhanced mixture analysis of poly(ethylene glycol) using high-field asymmetric waveform ion mobility spectrometry combined with fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. Anal Chem. 2006 Apr 01; 78(7):2190-8. PMID: 16579597.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:PHPublic Health
    132. Lemoff AS, Wu CC, Bush MF, Williams ER. Binding energies of water to doubly hydrated cationized glutamine and structural analogues in the gas phase. J Phys Chem A. 2006 Mar 16; 110(10):3662-9. PMID: 16526649.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    133. Robinson EW, Williams ER. Multidimensional separations of ubiquitin conformers in the gas phase: relating ion cross sections to H/D exchange measurements. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2005 Sep; 16(9):1427-1437. PMID: 16023362.
      Citations: 42     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    134. Lemoff AS, Bush MF, Wu CC, Williams ER. Structures and hydration enthalpies of cationized glutamine and structural analogues in the gas phase. J Am Chem Soc. 2005 Jul 27; 127(29):10276-86. PMID: 16028939.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    
    135. Wong RL, Williams ER, Counterman AE, Clemmer DE. Evaluation of ion mobility spectroscopy for determining charge-solvated versus salt-bridge structures of protonated trimers. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2005 Jul; 16(7):1009-19. PMID: 15914022.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Cells
    136. Lemoff AS, Bush MF, Williams ER. Structures of cationized proline analogues: evidence for the zwitterionic form. J Phys Chem A. 2005 Mar 10; 109(9):1903-10. PMID: 16833523.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    137. Jurchen JC, Garcia DE, Williams ER. Further studies on the origins of asymmetric charge partitioning in protein homodimers. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2004 Oct; 15(10):1408-1415. PMID: 15465353.
      Citations: 36     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    138. Iavarone AT, Udekwu OA, Williams ER. Buffer loading for counteracting metal salt-induced signal suppression in electrospray ionization. Anal Chem. 2004 Jul 15; 76(14):3944-50. PMID: 15253628.
      Citations: 34     Fields:    
    139. Lemoff AS, Williams ER. Binding energies of water to lithiated valine: formation of solution-phase structure in vacuo. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2004 Jul; 15(7):1014-24. PMID: 15234361.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    140. Iavarone AT, Paech K, Williams ER. Effects of charge state and cationizing agent on the electron capture dissociation of a peptide. Anal Chem. 2004 Apr 15; 76(8):2231-8. PMID: 15080732.
      Citations: 62     Fields:    
    141. Jurchen JC, Cooper RE, Williams ER. The role of acidic residues and of sodium ion adduction on the gas-phase H/D exchange of peptides and peptide dimers. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2003 Dec; 14(12):1477-87. PMID: 14652194.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    
    142. Jurchen JC, Garcia DE, Williams ER. Gas-phase dissociation pathways of multiply charged peptide clusters. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2003 Dec; 14(12):1373-86. PMID: 14652186.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    143. Lemoff AS, Bush MF, Williams ER. Binding energies of water to sodiated valine and structural isomers in the gas phase: the effect of proton affinity on zwitterion stability. J Am Chem Soc. 2003 Nov 05; 125(44):13576-84. PMID: 14583055.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    
    144. Iavarone AT, Williams ER. Collisionally activated dissociation of supercharged proteins formed by electrospray ionization. Anal Chem. 2003 Sep 01; 75(17):4525-33. PMID: 14632060.
      Citations: 31     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    145. Jurchen JC, Williams ER. Origin of asymmetric charge partitioning in the dissociation of gas-phase protein homodimers. J Am Chem Soc. 2003 Mar 05; 125(9):2817-26. PMID: 12603172.
      Citations: 107     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    146. Iavarone AT, Williams ER. Mechanism of charging and supercharging molecules in electrospray ionization. J Am Chem Soc. 2003 Feb 26; 125(8):2319-27. PMID: 12590562.
      Citations: 82     Fields:    
    147. Jockusch RA, Lemoff AS, Williams ER. Effect of metal ion and water coordination on the structure of a gas-phase amino acid. J Am Chem Soc. 2001 Dec 12; 123(49):12255-65. PMID: 11734026.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    
    148. Iavarone AT, Jurchen JC, Williams ER. Supercharged protein and peptide ions formed by electrospray ionization. Anal Chem. 2001 Apr 01; 73(7):1455-60. PMID: 11321294.
      Citations: 73     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    149. Rodriguez-Cruz SE, Williams ER. Gas-phase reactions of hydrated alkaline earth metal ions, M2+ (H2O)n (M = Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba and n = 4-7), with benzene. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2001 Mar; 12(3):250-7. PMID: 11281600.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    
    150. Strittmatter EF, Wong RL, Williams ER. Effects of Gas-Phase Basicity on the Proton Transfer between Organic Bases and Trifluoroacetic Acid in the Gas Phase: Energetics of Charge Solvation and Salt Bridges. J Phys Chem A. 2000 Nov 16; 104(45):10271-9. PMID: 16554909.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    
    151. Strittmatter EF, Lemoff AS, Williams ER. Structure of cationized glycine, gly.m (m = be, mg, ca, sr, ba), in the gas phase: intrinsic effect of cation size on zwitterion stability. J Phys Chem A. 2000 Nov 02; 104(43):9793-6. PMID: 16467899.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    
    152. Iavarone AT, Jurchen JC, Williams ER. Effects of solvent on the maximum charge state and charge state distribution of protein ions produced by electrospray ionization. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2000 Nov; 11(11):976-85. PMID: 11073261.
      Citations: 51     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    153. Strittmatter EF, Williams ER. Structures of protonated arginine dimer and bradykinin investigated by density functional theory: further support for stable gas-phase salt bridges. J Phys Chem A. 2000 Jun 29; 104(25):6069-76. PMID: 16604161.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    
    154. Jockusch RA, Paech K, Williams ER. Energetics from slow infrared multiphoton dissociation of biomolecules. J Phys Chem A. 2000 Apr 13; 104(14):3188-96. PMID: 16467893.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    
    155. Strittmatter EF, Wong RL, Williams ER. Gas-phase basicity of (CH3)3N+-C6H4-COO- zwitterions: a new class of organic super bases. J Am Chem Soc. 2000 Feb 16; 122(6):1247-8. PMID: 16554907.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    156. Jockusch RA, Price WD, Williams ER. Structure of cationized arginine (arg.m, m = h, li, na, k, rb, and cs) in the gas phase: further evidence for zwitterionic arginine. J Phys Chem A. 1999 Nov 18; 103(46):9266-74. PMID: 16479275.
      Citations: 20     Fields:    
    157. Strittmatter EF, Schnier PD, Klassen JS, Williams ER. Dissociation energies of deoxyribose nucleotide dimer anions measured using blackbody infrared radiative dissociation. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 1999 Nov; 10(11):1095-104. PMID: 10536816.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    158. Rodriguez-Cruz SE, Klassen JS, Williams ER. Hydration of gas-phase ions formed by electrospray ionization. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 1999 Oct; 10(10):958-68. PMID: 10497808.
      Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    159. Rodriguez-Cruz SE, Jockusch RA, Williams ER. Hydration energies and structures of alkaline earth metal ions, M2+(H2O)n, n = 5-7, M = Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba. J Am Chem Soc. 1999 Sep 29; 121(38):8898-906. PMID: 16429612.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    
    160. Rodriguez-Cruz SE, Jockusch RA, Williams ER. Binding energies of hexahydrated alkaline earth metal ions, M2+(H2O)6, M = Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba: evidence of isomeric structures for magnesium. J Am Chem Soc. 1999 Mar 10; 121(9):1986-7. PMID: 16429613.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    
    161. Schnier PD, Jurchen JC, Williams ER. The effective temperature of Peptide ions dissociated by sustained off-resonance irradiation collisional activation in fourier transform mass spectrometry. J Phys Chem B. 1999 Jan 28; 103(4):737-45. PMID: 16614752.
      Citations: 18     Fields:    
    162. Klassen JS, Schnier PD, Williams ER. Blackbody infrared radiative dissociation of oligonucleotide anions. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 1998 Nov; 9(11):1117-24. PMID: 9794082.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    
    163. Schnier PD, Klassen JS, Strittmatter EF, Williams ER. Activation energies for dissociation of double strand oligonucleotide anions: evidence for watson-crick base pairing in vacuo. J Am Chem Soc. 1998 Sep 23; 120(37):9605-13. PMID: 16498487.
      Citations: 35     Fields:    
    164. Schnier PD, Williams ER. Analysis of isomeric mixtures using blackbody infrared radiative dissociation: determining isomeric purity and obtaining individual tandem mass spectra simultaneously. Anal Chem. 1998 Jul 15; 70(14):3033-41. PMID: 9684551.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    
    165. Rodriguez-Cruz SE, Jockusch RA, Williams ER. Hydration energies of divalent metal ions, Ca2+ (H2O)n (N = 5-7) and Ni2+ (H2O)m (N = 6-8), obtained by blackbody infrared radiative dissociation. J Am Chem Soc. 1998 Jun 17; 120(23):5842-3. PMID: 16479268.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    
    166. Jockusch RA, Williams ER. Binding Energies of Proton-Bound Dimers of Imidazole and n-Acetylalanine Methyl Ester Obtained by Blackbody Infrared Radiative Dissociation. J Phys Chem A. 1998 Jun 11; 102(24):4543-50. PMID: 16604163.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    
    167. Price WD, Jockusch RA, Williams ER. Binding energies of protonated betaine complexes: a probe of zwitterion structure in the gas phase. J Am Chem Soc. 1998 Apr 15; 120(14):3474-84. PMID: 16543945.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    
    168. Williams ER. Tandem FTMS of Large Biomolecules. Anal Chem. 1998 Mar 01; 70(5):179A-85A. PMID: 16532065.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    
    169. Price WD, Jockusch RA, Williams ER. Is arginine a zwitterion in the gas phase? J Am Chem Soc. 1997 Dec 10; 119(49):11988-9. PMID: 16479267.
      Citations: 23     Fields:    
    170. Price WD, Williams ER. Activation of Peptide ions by blackbody radiation: factors that lead to dissociation kinetics in the rapid energy exchange limit. J Phys Chem A. 1997 Nov 20; 101(47):8844-52. PMID: 16604162.
      Citations: 32     Fields:    
    171. Schnier PD, Price WD, Strittmatter EF, Williams ER. Dissociation energetics and mechanisms of leucine enkephalin (M + H)+ and (2M + X)+ ions (X = H, Li, Na, K, and Rb) measured by blackbody infrared radiative dissociation. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 1997 Aug; 8(8):771-80. PMID: 16554908.
      Citations: 25     Fields:    
    172. Gross DS, Zhao Y, Williams ER. Dissociation of heme-globin complexes by blackbody infrared radiative dissociation: molecular specificity in the gas phase? J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 1997 May; 8(5):519-24. PMID: 16479269.
      Citations: 29     Fields:    
    173. Jockusch RA, Schnier PD, Price WD, Strittmatter EF, Demirev PA, Williams ER. Effects of charge state on fragmentation pathways, dynamics, and activation energies of ubiquitin ions measured by blackbody infrared radiative dissociation. Anal Chem. 1997 Mar 15; 69(6):1119-26. PMID: 9075403.
      Citations: 41     Fields:    
    174. Price WD, Schnier PD, Williams ER. Binding energies of the proton-bound amino Acid dimers gly.gly, ala.ala, gly.ala, and lys.lys measured by blackbody infrared radiative dissociation. J Phys Chem B. 1997 Jan 23; 101(4):664-73. PMID: 17235378.
      Citations: 24     Fields:    
    175. Gross DS, Williams ER. On the dissociation and conformation of gas-phase methonium ions. Int J Mass Spectrom Ion Process. 1996 Dec 20; 157-158:305-318. PMID: 16479265.
      Citations:    
    176. Price WD, Schnier PD, Jockusch RA, Strittmatter EF, Williams ER. Unimolecular reaction kinetics in the high-pressure limit without collisions. J Am Chem Soc. 1996 Oct 30; 118(43):10640-4. PMID: 16467929.
      Citations: 44     Fields:    
    177. Schnier PD, Price WD, Williams ER. Modeling the maximum charge state of arginine-containing Peptide ions formed by electrospray ionization. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 1996 Sep; 7(9):972-6. PMID: 16467911.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    
    178. Williams ER. Proton transfer reactivity of large multiply charged ions. J Mass Spectrom. 1996 Aug; 31(8):831-42. PMID: 8799309.
      Citations: 58     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    179. Schnier PD, Price WD, Jockusch RA, Williams ER. Blackbody infrared radiative dissociation of bradykinin and its analogues: energetics, dynamics, and evidence for salt-bridge structures in the gas phase. J Am Chem Soc. 1996 Jul 31; 118(30):7178-89. PMID: 16525512.
      Citations: 74     Fields:    
    180. Gross DS, Schnier PD, Rodriguez-Cruz SE, Fagerquist CK, Williams ER. Conformations and folding of lysozyme ions in vacuo. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Apr 02; 93(7):3143-8. PMID: 8610183.
      Citations: 56     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    181. Price WD, Schnier PD, Williams ER. Tandem mass spectrometry of large biomolecule ions by blackbody infrared radiative dissociation. Anal Chem. 1996 Mar 01; 68(5):859-66. PMID: 21619182.
      Citations: 74     Fields:    
    182. Schnier PD, Gross DS, Williams ER. On the maximum charge state and proton transfer reactivity of peptide and protein ions formed by electrospray ionization. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 1995 Nov; 6(11):1086-97. PMID: 24214055.
      Citations: 62     Fields:    
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    RCMI CC is supported by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health (NIH), through Grant Number U24MD015970. The contents of this site are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH

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